Church of the Conception of Anne (XVI-XVII centuries), Zaryadye

The Church of the Conception of Anne (XVI-XVII centuries), Zaryadie tombstone, monastery, drum, Conception, temple, headstone, portal, chapel, brick, Catherine, foundation, apse, carved, church, church, chapel, visible, buildings, northern, ornamental

The Church of the Conception of Anne, that in the Cornerbuilt in the second quarter of the XVI century in the corner of the China-city wall (hence the name) on the site of an older wooden one. Later, the church grew with extensions: the southern side of Mina (about 1617), the northern side of Catherine and a gulbishche (1658), as well as several extensions and a bell tower in the XIX century. In 1954-1957 under the leadership of L.A.David, they carried out a restoration with the return of the 17th century species. In addition, the Church of the Conception of Anne, which is in the Corner, is interesting in that white-stone tombstones of the XVI-XVII centuries are used in the foundation of the side-altars and the side streets.
Photos are clickable, 05.2018g.
1. The Church of the Conception of Anna, that in the Corner. During the restoration of 1954-1957. The view of the end of the 17th century was restored to the church
The Church of the Conception of Anne (XVI-XVII centuries), Zaryadie tombstone, monastery, drum, Conception, temple, headstone, portal, chapel, brick, Catherine, foundation, apse, carved, church, church, chapel, visible, buildings, northern, ornamental

2. The Church of the Conception of Anna in 1882
The Church of the Conception of Anne (XVI-XVII centuries), Zaryadie tombstone, monastery, drum, Conception, temple, headstone, portal, chapel, brick, Catherine, foundation, apse, carved, church, church, chapel, visible, buildings, northern, ornamental

3. The plan of the Church of the Conception of Anne, that in the Corner. The central part was built in the second quarter of the 16th century from limestone and brick (the restorer L. A. David considers the time of construction of the second half of the 16th century); Mina's southern chapel was built at the beginning of the 17th century (around 1617) of brick; The northern aisle of Ekatiriny was built in 1658-1668.also made of bricks; at the same time, a gulbishche (gallery-porch) was attached to the west
The Church of the Conception of Anne (XVI-XVII centuries), Zaryadie tombstone, monastery, drum, Conception, temple, headstone, portal, chapel, brick, Catherine, foundation, apse, carved, church, church, chapel, visible, buildings, northern, ornamental

4. The Church of the Conception of Anna, the western facade, the second half of the XVI century, reconstruction L.A. David
The Church of the Conception of Anne (XVI-XVII centuries), Zaryadie tombstone, monastery, drum, Conception, temple, headstone, portal, chapel, brick, Catherine, foundation, apse, carved, church, church, chapel, visible, buildings, northern, ornamental

5. View of the church from the soaring bridge
The Church of the Conception of Anne (XVI-XVII centuries), Zaryadie tombstone, monastery, drum, Conception, temple, headstone, portal, chapel, brick, Catherine, foundation, apse, carved, church, church, chapel, visible, buildings, northern, ornamental

6. The western facade, gulbische (gallery-porch) of the mid-XVII century
The Church of the Conception of Anne (XVI-XVII centuries), Zaryadie tombstone, monastery, drum, Conception, temple, headstone, portal, chapel, brick, Catherine, foundation, apse, carved, church, church, chapel, visible, buildings, northern, ornamental

7. Northern side-chapel - in honor of Catherine the Great Martyr, built in 1658-1668. from bricks. There is a hypothesis that he appeared in connection with the birth of Tsar Alexei Mikhailovich's daughter named Ekaterina
The Church of the Conception of Anne (XVI-XVII centuries), Zaryadie tombstone, monastery, drum, Conception, temple, headstone, portal, chapel, brick, Catherine, foundation, apse, carved, church, church, chapel, visible, buildings, northern, ornamental

8. The apse of the original structure. The foundation of the original church and the apse of the ribbon, is made of rubble stone on lime mortar. Foundation depth 2.6 m from the level of the ancient day surface
The Church of the Conception of Anne (XVI-XVII centuries), Zaryadie tombstone, monastery, drum, Conception, temple, headstone, portal, chapel, brick, Catherine, foundation, apse, carved, church, church, chapel, visible, buildings, northern, ornamental

9. The southern chapel in honor of the great martyr Mina Kotuansky (Christian saint, was beheaded in 300 (304) year). Composed at the beginning of the XVII century (about 1617) of brick
The Church of the Conception of Anne (XVI-XVII centuries), Zaryadie tombstone, monastery, drum, Conception, temple, headstone, portal, chapel, brick, Catherine, foundation, apse, carved, church, church, chapel, visible, buildings, northern, ornamental

10. Now you should pay attention to the foundation of the chapels and the porch, it is not simple. The foundation is a white stone tombstones of an earlier time (relative to construction). A similar picture can be seen in many buildings of the XVII century (for example, the temple of St. Ferropont)
The Church of the Conception of Anne (XVI-XVII centuries), Zaryadie tombstone, monastery, drum, Conception, temple, headstone, portal, chapel, brick, Catherine, foundation, apse, carved, church, church, chapel, visible, buildings, northern, ornamental

11. The foundation of the south side of Mina (about 1617buildings) - flutes of the late 17th century gravestone are visible
The Church of the Conception of Anne (XVI-XVII centuries), Zaryadie tombstone, monastery, drum, Conception, temple, headstone, portal, chapel, brick, Catherine, foundation, apse, carved, church, church, chapel, visible, buildings, northern, ornamental

12. Same place around the corner. Two white stone tombstones are clearly visible.
The Church of the Conception of Anne (XVI-XVII centuries), Zaryadie tombstone, monastery, drum, Conception, temple, headstone, portal, chapel, brick, Catherine, foundation, apse, carved, church, church, chapel, visible, buildings, northern, ornamental

13. Mine chapel, windows
The Church of the Conception of Anne (XVI-XVII centuries), Zaryadie tombstone, monastery, drum, Conception, temple, headstone, portal, chapel, brick, Catherine, foundation, apse, carved, church, church, chapel, visible, buildings, northern, ornamental

14. And another tombstone of the same time as the previous ones.
The Church of the Conception of Anne (XVI-XVII centuries), Zaryadie tombstone, monastery, drum, Conception, temple, headstone, portal, chapel, brick, Catherine, foundation, apse, carved, church, church, chapel, visible, buildings, northern, ornamental

15. White stone tombstone in the foundation of the gulbishch built in the middle of the XVII century
The Church of the Conception of Anne (XVI-XVII centuries), Zaryadie tombstone, monastery, drum, Conception, temple, headstone, portal, chapel, brick, Catherine, foundation, apse, carved, church, church, chapel, visible, buildings, northern, ornamental

16. It is
The Church of the Conception of Anne (XVI-XVII centuries), Zaryadie tombstone, monastery, drum, Conception, temple, headstone, portal, chapel, brick, Catherine, foundation, apse, carved, church, church, chapel, visible, buildings, northern, ornamental

17. A number of white-stone gravestones in the foundation of the northern side-chapel of Catherine (mid-XVII century)
The Church of the Conception of Anne (XVI-XVII centuries), Zaryadie tombstone, monastery, drum, Conception, temple, headstone, portal, chapel, brick, Catherine, foundation, apse, carved, church, church, chapel, visible, buildings, northern, ornamental

18. And this is clearly visible remnants of the border of the ornament in the form of braids. Under the clutch there is a “forked cross”
The Church of the Conception of Anne (XVI-XVII centuries), Zaryadie tombstone, monastery, drum, Conception, temple, headstone, portal, chapel, brick, Catherine, foundation, apse, carved, church, church, chapel, visible, buildings, northern, ornamental

19. More ancient, unlike the previous ones, white-stone tombstone with barely readable traces of a "wolf's tooth", XVI century (and maybe the end of XV)
The Church of the Conception of Anne (XVI-XVII centuries), Zaryadie tombstone, monastery, drum, Conception, temple, headstone, portal, chapel, brick, Catherine, foundation, apse, carved, church, church, chapel, visible, buildings, northern, ornamental

20. Again gravestones, the eastern part of the northern side of Catherine
The Church of the Conception of Anne (XVI-XVII centuries), Zaryadie tombstone, monastery, drum, Conception, temple, headstone, portal, chapel, brick, Catherine, foundation, apse, carved, church, church, chapel, visible, buildings, northern, ornamental

21. In the center is clearly visible ornament "wolf tooth", the tombstone of the XVI century.
The Church of the Conception of Anne (XVI-XVII centuries), Zaryadie tombstone, monastery, drum, Conception, temple, headstone, portal, chapel, brick, Catherine, foundation, apse, carved, church, church, chapel, visible, buildings, northern, ornamental

22. But in the foundation of the apse gravestones is not seen. However, this is as it should be, considering the time of construction and the basement material - rubble stone
The Church of the Conception of Anne (XVI-XVII centuries), Zaryadie tombstone, monastery, drum, Conception, temple, headstone, portal, chapel, brick, Catherine, foundation, apse, carved, church, church, chapel, visible, buildings, northern, ornamental

23.
The Church of the Conception of Anne (XVI-XVII centuries), Zaryadie tombstone, monastery, drum, Conception, temple, headstone, portal, chapel, brick, Catherine, foundation, apse, carved, church, church, chapel, visible, buildings, northern, ornamental

Appendix - Elements of the architecture of the cross-domed temple(based on this ...)
24. Cross-domed temple: a - the head; b - carved ornamental belt of the drum; in - kokoshnik belt; g - keeled gaffes; d - window with keeled frame; g - pryasla; h - carved promising portal; e -carved ornamental three-lane belt; and - drum heads; K - window drum; l — paddles with half columns attached to them; m - basement; n - archives of perspective portal
The Church of the Conception of Anne (XVI-XVII centuries), Zaryadie tombstone, monastery, drum, Conception, temple, headstone, portal, chapel, brick, Catherine, foundation, apse, carved, church, church, chapel, visible, buildings, northern, ornamental

25. The facade of the old Russian church: a - the head; b - carved ornamental belt of the drum; in - the window of the drum; d - drum base; d - apses; e - ornamental archivolts of the perspective portal; g - promising portal; h - arc-column drum belt; and - zakomars; k - cracked; l - window; m - columnar belt; n - brackets column-type belt; o - profiled blades with half columns
The Church of the Conception of Anne (XVI-XVII centuries), Zaryadie tombstone, monastery, drum, Conception, temple, headstone, portal, chapel, brick, Catherine, foundation, apse, carved, church, church, chapel, visible, buildings, northern, ornamental

26. Plan of the cross-domed temple: a, b, c - apses; g, d, g, e - branches of an architectural cross; and - south portal; h - northern portal; (and, s - side portals); k - scapula with a semi-column; l - pillars; m - the main, western portal; dn – central nave; n - middle cross
The Church of the Conception of Anne (XVI-XVII centuries), Zaryadie tombstone, monastery, drum, Conception, temple, headstone, portal, chapel, brick, Catherine, foundation, apse, carved, church, church, chapel, visible, buildings, northern, ornamental

27. Schematic model of an Orthodox church with the symbolic meaning of its elements, from the modern standard SP 31-103-99
The Church of the Conception of Anne (XVI-XVII centuries), Zaryadie tombstone, monastery, drum, Conception, temple, headstone, portal, chapel, brick, Catherine, foundation, apse, carved, church, church, chapel, visible, buildings, northern, ornamental

Article "From the Scientific Heritage", L.A. David (about the restoration of the Church of the Conception of Anna)
SP 31-103-99 Buildings buildings and complexes of Orthodox churches
Symbols of Orthodox churches:
https://azbyka.ru/simvolika-i-ustrojstvo-provoslavnogo-hrama
http://optina-msk.ru/kateh/o-khrame-s-lyubovyu/dom-bozhij/895-arkhitekturnaya-simvolika-khramov
Russian medieval tombstones (until the beginning of the XVIII century) in my blog:
- medieval gravestones in the museum of Moscow
- ancient gravestones of the Epiphany Monastery, Moscow
- ancient tombstones at the church of St. Sergius of Radonezh, Moscow
- book Experience in the study of necropolis - Methods of field research, LA Belyaev
- Lapidary in the manor of Vyazma, MO
- report by A.V. Alekseeva: Middle Russian stone crosses of the XV-XVI centuries. Features of the Moscow circle of monuments with geometric decor
- the book "Russian medieval gravestone.

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