Convulsions are muscle spasms: causes, first aid and treatment.
Seizures of convulsions in humans usually occur when external or internal factors appear. External factors include the impact of the environment on a person and his reaction to this effect. Internal factors include any disease or changes in the human body itself.
Convulsions are uncontrolled swinging arms and legs, in which pain occurs, and the person is characterized by loss of consciousness. In the people such convulsions are sometimes called shaking or seizures. The name corresponds to what happens to the human body. In convulsions, a person shakes, adopts unusual positions, bends, twists his arms, beats his head. This is due to loss of control over the movements.
Changes in brain function
Until the end it remains unclear what causes convulsions. The causes of this condition may relate to the work of the brain.In the cerebral cortex, a phenomenon resembling a storm occurs when part of the cells exhibit uncontrollable activity. The consequence of this is painful muscle spasm and lack of control of movements. However, what was the impetus for this behavior of cells is not clear. Perhaps this is due to deviations in the structure of the cerebral cortex or part thereof. And, in connection with these abnormalities, uncontrolled discharges and impulses arise in the brain of the head.
Bodily causes of convulsions appear suddenly during heat or sunstroke. The person is shaking with a fever. A sharply raised temperature leads to convulsions. The reason may be caused by alcohol or chemical elements poisoning the body, chronic disorders of the autonomic nervous system, difficult course of pregnancy, accompanied by severe toxicosis.Metabolic disorders of the endocrine system, such as hypoglycemia and hypocalcemia, when a person is on the verge of loss of consciousness, cause frequent muscle spasms in a patient, and may also be accompanied by convulsions.As a result, a person may fall into a coma or be fatal.
It becomes clear from the above that the conditions caused by the violation of human biochemistry are accompanied by isolated convulsions. If a person has convulsions, convulsions, spasms for one reason or another, medical assistance is necessary. What is happening with a person leads to the idea that this is a complication of a hidden illness or serious ill-being in the body.
Repeated seizures with convulsions occur during epilepsy. There is a violation of the brain cells. It is believed that in this case the disease is associated with genetically abnormal work of the cell membranes of nerve cells. The cause of the disease can be either a birth injury or an infectious disease. Not all people who have convulsions are sick with epilepsy. Repeated bouts of convulsions can be alerted. And it is precisely such people who need to examine their body for epilepsy.
What to do
Convulsions last 2-3 minutes and end themselves. The attack is accompanied by uncontrolled movements of the person.Therefore, so that a person is not injured about nearby hard and sharp objects, they are removed. You can not restrict the movement of a person, so as not to bring additional pain. It is recommended to unbutton your clothes for free breathing and turn your head to the side, for the flow of saliva or emetic masses, if such are present. After the cessation of the attack, the person is placed in a comfortable position and must call a doctor.
If the child has started convulsions against the background of a sharp rise in temperature, it is recommended to call the doctor, and to wrap the child in a wet, but not cold, sheet to relieve the heat. Repeated convulsive convulsions in a child can be caused by various reasons. A thorough medical and neurological examination is recommended, up to and including computed tomography of the brain. After the diagnosis of "epilepsy" is established, such treatment is prescribed, which is aimed at preventing the recurrence of seizures. The time of the disease is success in curing it. This applies to childhood epilepsy, treatment may become unnecessary when the child becomes a teenager.
Other types of convulsions
Dissociative convulsions are simulated epileptic seizures, typical of young children. Showing theatricality, they fall and throw a tantrum. The life of the child, in this case, is not endangered. He controls himself, but with this behavior he wants to show resistance to parents, in case the request for buying something is not fulfilled. Such antics provoke the opportunity to show their character in humans. Parents should adequately respond to what is happening, having understood whether it is affected or epilepsy.
Death convulsions are not always definable. But some symptoms suggest that a person is “two steps” from death. His anxiety increases suddenly, breathing becomes faster, panic begins. It seems that the patient is struggling for life, trying to say something, clutching the hand of the person who is with him, although a minute before the convulsions was sluggish and inactive.
Methods of treatment are selected, depending on what caused convulsions in the patient. Did it happen as a result of poisoning with chemical elements, alcohol and other substances? Appointed by cleansing the stomach by washing and drug removal of toxins from the body.In epileptic convulsions, the doctor prescribes drugs that reduce the number and intensity of seizures. Treatment of people who have suffered convulsions as a result of heat and sunstroke is based on the medication prescribed by the doctor to bring the body back to normal.
If you witnessed a person having a seizure, convulsions or convulsions in a public place, this is not a reason for panic. It is required to call an ambulance and help the person until the seizure caused by convulsion passes, and he cannot control himself.