Films prohibited in the USSR.
So, friends, today there will be a big and interesting post on the topic of which films were forbidden in the USSR. In general, it must be said that there were a lot of forbidden feature films in the Land of the Soviets, and in today's post I will tell only about a few of them (so as not to make the post too long).
All films banned in the USSR can be divided into several categories - the first showed real life in the "decaying West" and were therefore unacceptable in the USSR (because they differed from Soviet propaganda). Others were erotic or just somehow appealed to the relationship between a man and a woman - there was no sex in the USSR, and children were born immediately with a shovel in their hands and Lenin's quote on their lips, and therefore such films were also prohibited. Well, and the third category - everything that somehow frightened, surprised or puzzled the censors got there, such a film was for example Lucas's “Star Wars”.
So, in today's post - a story about how censorship worked in the USSR and how good films were prohibited in this country.Come under the cat, it is interesting. Welladd friendsDo not forget)
First, a little history. Immediately after coming to power afterOctober coupThe Bolsheviks took up censorship - everything was removed from libraries, cinemas, theaters and radio studios that could somehow shake the Bolshevik view of the world in which people constantly struggle and hate each other. Special terms were invented by which the censors explained why a work is "harmful" - "this film distorts historical facts", "this book displays harmful and decadent elements in positive heroes", "the true anti-popular nature of tsarism is not fully shown in this performance ". When there were not enough words, a book or a film could be banned simply for “counterrevolution”, without going into details.
At first, the Bolshevik leaders personally censored themselves, especially the wife of Krupsky, whose name was Nadezhda Konstantinovna, became famous in this - she served as deputy education deputy and personally compiled lists of books she did not like, which should be immediately removed from the libraries and burned.Krupskaya threw out of the library books of prominent Russian philosophers and thinkers (Berdyaev, Bulgakov, Zamyatin and others), who did not please the Bolsheviks, and even went so far as to attack Chukovsky - calling his books "nonsense" and "bourgeois mud."
Later, the number of censors began to expand - mainly there were recruited "ideologically correct" and most often illiterate people - so, in 1940, only 10% of 5,000 censors in the RSFSR had a higher education. Yesterday's peasants, who had recently arrived in the city, became censors of art, and often reached for curiosities - one considered the mention of “revolver machines” (the second name of the lathe) “disclosure of military secrets,” the other renamed the word about the regiment of Igor Igorev into the word about division of Igorev ", and so on like.
Ryanly, the censors also took up the cinema, which the old man Krupsky considered the most important of the arts - “While the people are illiterate, of all the arts, the cinema and the circus are the most important for us,” he used to say. And the Soviet censorship fully touched cinema, lounging only together with the end of the USSR.
But what films were banned in Soviet times, let's start with Western films:
1.«Gone With the Wind», (1940).
A beautiful saga about the life of the American family during the years of the American Civil War (1860s) was banned in the USSR and did not go into wide screening. At the same time, in different years, “closed” screenings of films for all sorts of Soviet party bonuses (these did not limit themselves in any way) repeatedly happened, but it was also decided not to show films for ordinary people.
Why was the Gone with the Wind tape banned? I have not met a definite answer to this question and some uniform intelligible wording. I think the cinema was banned because it shows the lives of ordinary Americans who simply live, love each other and make plans for the future, and do not constantly think about the destruction of the USSR. Or maybe from the fact that black slaves in the film live in the same way (if not better) like the "free citizens" of the Land of the Soviets.
Gone with the Wind was duplicated and allowed to be shown only in 1990, when the USSR was already on its last legs. In the USSR, cinema immediately became a hit.
2.«The Grapes of Wrath», (1940).
In 1948, the USSR bought the American film “Grapes of Wrath”, which was released in 1940 - which was supposed to show the Soviet audience all the “sores and shortcomings of capitalism”. A little away from the topic, I will saythat a similar program existed in other spheres of art in the USSR - books of all kinds of marginal or obsolete Western writers who criticized “capitalism” were translated and published in the Soviet Union — this was presented to Soviet citizens as a “true picture of life in the decaying West. The fact that the problems described in the books are either exaggerated, either solved long ago, or tell about the life of the marginal bottom of society — no one informed the Soviet citizens about this.
In general, “Grapes of Wrath” were bought, but after a few days they were taken out of hire - the Soviet censors noticed with horror that it turned out that the “poor and bankrupt American farmer” from the movie could buy a used truck and generally lived much better than “happy and free "Soviet peasants.
In 1974, an erotic film “Emmanuel” was released in France, which tells about the sexual adventures of the main character, a young French woman, who lives with her husband (an employee of the French embassy) in Bangkok. The film was shot on the book of the writer Emmanuel Arsan and in fact spoke about a woman who explores her own sexuality.
Of course, in the USSR the film was immediately banned - there could be no "sexuality" and sex in the USSR, women only had to dream of Communism, and sex could only be in order to give birth to a country of more healthy soldiers. By the way, it’s a pity that the film didn’t come out earlier, in Krupskaya’s time - I imagine how this muzhikovat and asexual person would have been bombarded with such eroticism, it would have been the text of the century)
4.«Nine and a half weeks», (1986).
Approximately for the same reason as Emmanuel, the Soviet censors immediately after the release banned the film Nine and a Half Weeks. Compared to Emmanuel, this is not even erotic, but rather a film about the complex relationship between a man and a woman with several erotic scenes (body blindfolded with ice, sex on the stairs and a striptease of the main character Elizabeth).
Nevertheless, in the USSR, cinema was banned, and it appeared in video salons only at the very end of the USSR (1989-90).
The famous epic gangster drama, filmed by Francis Ford Coppola, was almost immediately banned in the USSR, I met several versions, why this happened.Some say that in the “Godfather” the Soviet censors saw the “romanticization” of the underworld, others say that the film was banned by the party’s Soviet top leadership (which, of course, it was watched) due to the fact that the structure of the Italian mafia strongly resembled the structure of the Soviet authorities.
In the eighties, the then-forbidden "Godfather" was massively shown in video salons, for which there was practically no control - there they played including "Emmanuel" and even outright porn.
6.«Star Wars», (1977).
Yes, yes, this film was also banned in the USSR, did not know? The first part of this generally rather dull and banal saga came out in 1977 and gained tremendous success with the western audience - as a matter of fact it showed in fairy tales well-known fairy-tale mythology to everyone. Why not allow such a banal and completely “non-political” tale to be shown in the USSR? After all, there was not even sex (almost).
And the reason for this is that the Soviet censors saw in the "dark power" that the Star Wars presents a sort of allusion to the USSR - they say that the bourgeois are fighting with us with the whole cosmos, well, where is it going! Reagan added fuel to the fire,who in 1983 called the USSR "The Empire of Evil" (which almost exactly coincides with the "Galactic Empire of Evil" in "Star Wars"), which served as the final and complete ban on the film in the USSR. I directly imagine the censor running down the corridor with a fresh Reagan quote and shouting, "Here! Here it is! Now everything has fallen into place!"
"Star Wars" was allowed to be shown only in the last year or two of the existence of the USSR, and the people poured into cinemas like a shaft on the screenings of the epic of George Lucas. Before that, Soviet citizens were offered only low-grade fiction, such as “Youngsters in the Universe,” in which Soviet pioneers fly straight from Red Square to a distant star and arrange a revolution there.
If you think that in the USSR only western cinema was forbidden - then you are greatly mistaken. Dozens of domestic films were also banned, censorship commissions rejected them for one reason or another - most often because the films showed Soviet reality not like it was on glossy staged photos.
One of these films was "Commissioner" director Alexander Askoldov, filmed in 1967.The film was conceived as a saga about the “heroic days of the revolution”; instead, the director had a dark drama about human tragedies. After the premiere showing of the “high commission” of a citizen of the “most free country,” the director Askoldov was fired with a stamp in the workplace - “incompetent” and deprived of the opportunity to work in the profession.
Also, the director was ordered to destroy all the negatives of the film, which he did not do - and now the movie is available on the Internet.
Another Soviet film, which was banned from being shown in the USSR. Interestingly, the movie plays a whole galaxy of star actors - Vysotsky, Jurassic, Kopelyan, Aroseva, Zolotukhin. The film was stylized as a show of the 1920s, the film described the first years after the October Revolution, the actors often changed clothes, and the audience had the feeling that the whole “revolution” was some kind of square romance.
Of course, the censors could not allow this. The film was accused of showing the Bolsheviks in a "funny and funny way" and immediately banned. The movie came out in wide screenings only in 1987 - already in the years of Perestroika.
In general, I must say, the list of feature films banned by censorship (including Soviet films) is simply huge, and everyone can familiarize themselves with it.on wikipedia.
Did you manage to watch any "forbidden" films in the Soviet years? In the video salons go?
Write in the comments, interesting.