From the history of "Maidan"

Maidan in Grozny, January 1973
An unauthorized rally in the center of Grozny was staged by the Ingush, demanding that Prigorodny District be taken away from Ossetia and attached to the Chechen-Ingush Republic.
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Then, after much persuasion, "Maidan" was overclocked ...
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January 16, 1973 the Ingush filled the area to them. Lenin in front of the Chechen-Ingush Regional Party Committee in Grozny. The rally, which began at 10 am, continued uninterruptedly until 4 am on January 19, 1973.
Several high-ranking officials headed by Chairman of the Council of Ministers of the RSFSR Solomentsev arrived in Grozny. The case ended with the fact that buses were served, each of them was marked the name of the village. The demonstrators were asked to go home. They were given assurances that they would not be persecuted. But several hundred people, mostly young people, remained. Firefighting teams and policemen with truncheons were thrown against them ...
A number of party and Soviet district workers were removed from their posts and replaced by Russian cadres. A number of organizers of the rally received prison sentences.
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Apryatkin A. A. - First Secretary of the Chechen-Ingush Regional Party Committee:
... As established, these events are not random. They arose under the influence of nationalist elements, which for a long time created and aggravated an unhealthy situation among a part of the Ingush population. In order to create credibility in the environment of individual representatives of the creative and engineering-technical intelligentsia, they presented themselves as "fighters for a popular cause", for all "offended and oppressed." Certain failures in the work activities of some Chechen and Ingush people, their lack of initiative and creativity in work, abuse of official position and the measures of influence taken to them in connection with this, they try to present it in a perverted way, as a result of the alleged dominance of Russians in the republic due to the fault of which the growth of national personnel is deliberately restrained and the national interests of Chechens and Ingushs are being infringed upon.
Being outspoken nationalists, they in a perverted form interpret Leninist positions on the national question. Demagogically speculating on the national and religious feelings of a separate politicallythe immature part of the Ingush population, using remnants in terms of their ancestors' commitment to the land, these individuals made unreasonable demands in transferring the Prigorodny district from North Ossetia to the Chechen-Ingush Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic, settling it with Ingush people, made offensive attacks against other nationalities and thus provoked antisocial appearances The city of Grozny, on January 16-19 of this year, caused a certain moral and political damage to the multinational family of the working people of the republic.
From the history

From the history

... Comrades! The events that have taken place testify to serious shortcomings and mistakes in the work on the ideological and political education of the working people, especially Ingush nationality. It, this work, as rightly noted in the resolution of the Central Committee of the CPSU, is often conducted formally, without proper connection with a specific situation, does not always aim against alien views. The ideological work does not take into account the national peculiarities and specificity of the historical development of the Ingush people, and above all the fact that a significant part of it is still influenced by the Muslim religion and its reactionary traditions,as well as still remaining tribal, planned, nationalist remnants and customs. ... Under the guise of a struggle for the originality of the Chechen and Ingush peoples, nationalist elements seek to preserve reactionary remnants of national isolation. They are spreading the version of the allegedly carried out by the Russian line on prejudice against the Chechens and Ingush as small nations, on their oppression and deliberate inhibition of the development of national culture and the growth of national personnel.
From the history

From the history

Dorokhov M.A. - Secretary of the regional party committee:
“... the assessment of events in the region was reduced to the fact that all the troubles, they say, come from the fact that the Prigorodny district is not part of the Chechen-Ingush Republic. By the way, many workers still tend to reduce the whole issue to the borders with Ossetia and do not see or do not want to see that the Prigorodny district for the nationalists is only a screen, just an excuse to carry out their far-reaching plans. In this regard, it is necessary to recall that in the thoroughly slanderous writings "About the fate of the Ingush people," in the speeches on the square to them. The nationalists in Grozny put Lenin in the head: Ossetians from the Prigorodny district, and the Russians from leading posts in the republic.It was proved that the Ingush cannot remain in Chechen-Ingushetia - you give an independent Ingush Republic! Is it the case in the suburban area? All of this more closely echoes the bourgeois nationalist organization “Party of the Caucasian Brothers” exposed during the Great Patriotic War, which said: “Every adult brother-man from the indigenous Caucasian fraternal peoples, with the exception of Russians, Jews, is accepted into the party, but also real members and candidates of the RCP (b) ... ”
Here, comrades, where the nationalists tried to drag the Ingush people, masking all their intentions under the problem of the return of the Prigorodny district ... ”
From the history

From the history

Side X.X. - Secretary of the regional party committee:
“Today at this plenary session of the regional party committee I would like to dwell on one more, in our opinion, extremely important issue. This is about how we interpret the act of evicting Chechens and Ingushes during the Great Patriotic War. The point, comrades, is that after the restoration of the republic, especially before the events of January 16-19 of this year. in the city of Grozny, and even now nationalist elements are vigorously speculating on the actions of evicting Chechens and Ingush during the Great Patriotic War.They launched unbridled propaganda among the Chechen-Ingush population, especially among young people, arguing that the eviction was allegedly the result of the will of the personality cult, telling people that there was neither a reason nor a reason for such an action ... still not restored.
... Reading some of the essays of high school students, students' term papers, you are convinced that the poisonous seeds of nationalist propaganda penetrate the still unformed minds of some young people. Not only I, ”wrote one of the students in his term paper,“ but my children will not be able to forget the black days of eviction and forgive it ... ”...
By emphasizing this side alone in this matter, we miss the main point - that the eviction was a forced measure. For this was the basis. At that time, it was caused by the massive cooperation of the local population from among Chechens and Ingushs with the German fascist occupiers, the betrayal of a significant part of Chechens and Ingushs to the Soviet Motherland ...
... And it is not by chance that during this period a large number of anti-Soviet activists intensified their activities in a number of regions of the republic.the political band, which possessed enormous power and quantity, and equipment with weapons ... The activities of these gangs were not only of a criminal nature, but also of a political nature. They actively acted against Soviet power, forming themselves into pro-fascist underground organizations. Soon, these gangs began to work together with the fascist German sabotage and reconnaissance groups. When the enemy approached Checheno-Ingushetia, the members of these politbands and sabotage fascist German groups began to unite into underground anti-Soviet organizations under the names: “Chechen-Gorsky National Socialist Underground Organization”, “National Socialist Party of Caucasian Brothers” ... These organizations and politicalbands supported connection with Hitler's bet ...
... Naturally, in order to restore order in the republic, to suppress this anti-Soviet force, in order to secure the rear of our army, the Soviet government was forced to tear as many as two military units from the front against the Nazi invaders.
... All this, in our opinion, forced the government to take this extreme measure,in order to put an end to the anti-Soviet actions of politbands, who were hiding in large parts of the Chechen-Ingush population.
From the history

From the history

Information
the regional party committee in the Central Committee of the CPSU on the implementation of the resolution of the Central Committee of the CPSU on March 13, 1973 "On the antisocial nationalist manifestations in the city of Grozny."
An analysis of the incoming information about negative processes shows that a significant part of the Ingush population still believes that the issue of the Prigorodny District is not resolved and it should be returned to the Chechen-Ingush Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic sooner or later. Commissioner for metal blanks Imagozhev B. in August of this year. in the presence of many management workers, Vtorchermet stated: “I can swear on the Koran that justice will prevail and Prigorodny district will be ours”.
Nationalist and immature persons express the intention to continue the “struggle for the Ingush lands” by sending letters and statements to the central authorities and thus forcing the government to hand over the Prigorodny district to the Chechen Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic. Often there are statements about the need to fight for "their lands by any means."For example, one of the students of the Grozny Oil Institute, discussing the issue of the Prigorodny District, said: “We, the Ingush, were doused with water and beaten during the January events, but we will show ourselves and return to this issue. An employee of the Nazran knitwear factory held a gathering in Grozny considers legitimate, extremely negative about the Ossetian population, said in one of the interviews: decisively. "

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