How in the Soviet Union forbade karate

27-04-2017, 12:02
In the sixties of the last century, the exotic form of martial art, karate, became popular in the Soviet Union. These were the times of the Khrushchev "thaw", the USSR developed international relations, including sports.
Across the country, sections were opened in which they taught karate - Japanese martial art, which conquered the whole world. Nobody could name the exact number of karatekas in our country, there were few real instructors, so a significant part of the athletes worked in the semi-underground sections, in which the teachers themselves had a vague idea about karate.
How in the Soviet Union forbade karate
In November 1978, an order was issued by the USSR Sports Committee "On the Development of Karate Wrestling in the USSR". A month later, the USSR Karate Federation was created. She conducted the first All-Union certification of karate coaches. The strongest schools in the late 70s worked in Moscow, Leningrad, Tallinn, Chelyabinsk. The first owner of a black belt in Leningrad was E. Galitsyn, who later became a member of the coaching council of the USSR national karate team.The first USSR Championship was held on February 19, 1980 in Tashkent. But the real boom of karate began after the release on the screens of the legendary film "Pirates of the twentieth century." In this picture of actors coached Tadeush Kasyanov - the legend of the Soviet karate, who played the role of boatswain. And in the role of the pirate Salekh, Talgat Nigmatulin, a famous actor, besides - the champion of Uzbekistan in karate. That's when the karate sections simply could not accept everyone.
How in the Soviet Union forbade karate
Perhaps any prestigious university could envy such a competition. According to official data, in the USSR several hundred thousand people were engaged in this kind of martial arts, according to unofficial data - about six million. But, it did not last long, in the early eighties, the authorities began to look at karate with caution, and soon the USSR State Sports Committee banned this kind of martial arts throughout the country.
Moreover, for the training of karate could get a prison sentence, plus a substantial fine. On November 10, 1981, the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the RSFSR adopted two Decrees: “On administrative responsibility for violating the rules of teaching karate” and “On introducing changes and additions to the Criminal Code of the RSFSR (Article 219.“ Illegal Karate Training ”). According to the decree, privately train karate, let's say, your friend. Article 219.“Illegal karate training” stated: “Violation of the established rules for opening sports karate sections or recruiting citizens in them, or training in sections for techniques prohibited by sports rules, as well as unauthorized, without permission of relevant bodies, training for karate techniques committed the same violations are punished with imprisonment for up to two years or a fine of up to five hundred rubles.
The same actions committed by a person previously convicted of illegal karate training or related to obtaining material benefits in significant amounts - shall be punished with imprisonment for up to five years with or without confiscation of property. ”
How in the Soviet Union forbade karate
In fact, criminal responsibility for training karate came in 1982. There were also demonstrative processes in order to show the seriousness of punishment for karate training. Thus, according to Article 219, a well-known coach Valery Gusev was convicted, who received 5 years of imprisonment for illegally training karate. Another famous coach, Alexey Shturmin, was sentenced to 8 years. He was accused of illegal foreign exchange transactions.For one year and five months in prison, Tadeush Kasyanov stayed, who played the boatswain in "Pirates of the XX century". What is so wrong with the Japanese martial art? There are many versions.
For example, according to one of them, while in Moscow, a nephew of the head of the Moscow city committee of the CPSU, Grishin, was beaten on the street, so he tried to make a ban on karate. There were other reasons for the ban: at the top it was considered that physically strong young people who own karate techniques can join the ranks of criminal structures. Interestingly, one of the pioneers of karate in the Soviet Union was a Japanese student Tetsuo Sato who taught karate Sito Ryu.
How in the Soviet Union forbade karate
Sato’s school was sparse; his students later cooperated actively with law enforcement agencies. A branch of the school was even in the Graduate School of the State Security Committee.
Naturally, this school calmly survived the times of karate harassment without loss. Karate was “out of the law” until the end of the eighties. In June 1989, Soviet athletes took part in the European Championship, and the same year, the Soviet Association of Oriental Martial Arts was registered in Moscow.

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