How to choose a cultivator to give? Cultivators: reviews. Electric cultivator for gardening
Today, among gardeners and gardeners, the use of a special unit, a cultivator instead of a spade, is becoming more and more popular. The cultivator for giving is intended for processing of the soil. It replaces the physical strength of a person, thereby preserving to some extent his health. Suitable unit for work in the garden and in the garden, can be used for growing berries, potatoes, vegetables and other crops. There are many models of these devices, so many people will be interested to learn about the features, main types and methods of use of cultivators.
Cultivator - assistant in the cultivation of the earth
Replacing the usual shovel, the cultivator makes the soil soft, and weeds completely destroy the roots from weeds.On the modern market, there are both conventional electric devices that are well suited for giving up to 5 hectares in size, as well as professional motor-cultivators capable of processing an area of up to 2 hectares. In order to choose a good cultivator to give, it is necessary to take into account first of all your needs: the unit should be easy to harrow, dig and plow the ground. And for this you need to know the features of these devices, the quality of their work and functionality.
Features when choosing a cultivator
When choosing a cultivator, it is necessary to consider some points:
- The quality of knives. The cultivator is the main tool for processing the soil, so the knives should be made of high-quality steel. Such knives will last much longer, and the quality of work will naturally be higher.
- Power. A device with more power will work the earth faster and deeper. Moreover, the more power, the wider you can grab a strip of soil, which will also speed up the work and reduce the time spent on the site.
- The weight. The weight of the unit is directly dependent on its power: the higher the power, the greater the weight.
- Reliability.When you choose cultivators to give, reviews play, of course, a very important role. After all, it is by the responses about a particular device that its reliability can be determined. And a reliable, properly selected cultivator, as most summer residents believe, will last long enough.
And the most important thing: to understand whether the cultivator is right for you or not, you can only try it in practice. At the same time, you will see what the width of the strip of cultivated land is, determine whether the cutters penetrate sufficiently deep. How to choose a cultivator to give, and tell their classification by engine type.
According to the type of engine units are divided into battery, gasoline and electric. The simplest of them are the first. They work from a battery, the only disadvantage of which is that it needs to be recharged periodically. But there is a huge plus of such a device - its unique mobility.
When processing large plots of land, it is best to choose gasoline cultivators to give, which, in addition to their mobility, have significant performance.The operation of the engine of this unit occurs by burning fuel, so it does not need to bind to the electrical network, which makes the gasoline cultivator a fairly independent device. Moreover, it is capable of processing soil even in the most remote areas. The engine at the benzocultivator can be two or four stroke, the difference is that it is necessary to fill the mixture of oil and gasoline in a two-stroke engine, and the four-stroke engine works only on gasoline. The cultivator with a four-stroke engine is more advanced and economical, in addition, when it is working, less vibration and noise are produced.
Depending on weight and power, gasoline units can be divided into classes such as light, ultra-light, medium and heavy.
The maximum power of light cultivators is 4.5 hp, the maximum weight is 40 kg, the loosening depth reaches 18 cm. Perfectly suitable for a good specialist in hilling plants, as well as for working on soft soil. The disadvantages of light cultivators include the presence of a worm gear plastic gearbox in most of them, which is very unreliable in practice.Also, to prevent damage to the device, it is necessary to check the lubrication level in the transmission every 60 hours of its operation and, if necessary, to compensate for its loss. Having thought about how to choose a cultivator to give, you just need to take care that the device has a reverse function. Because of the worm gear, not all lightweight units move backward, which, when confronted with an obstacle, creates a lot of inconvenience.
In other words, mini-cultivators to give. The maximum loosening depth is only 8 cm, the average weight is approximately 15-20 kg, and the power is no more than 3 hp. Such devices are well proven in small areas, can help in preparing the soil for seedlings or for sowing different crops. Easily cope with work in hard-to-reach places thanks to the width of the grip, which is only 20-30 cm. In the management of mini-cultivators to give is not more difficult than a chainsaw, so that anyone, even an unprepared user, is able to cope with it.
The power of medium-sized cultivators ranges from 4 to 6 hp, they weigh, on average, from 45 to 60 kg, the loosening depth is up to 28 cm. Such a unit can easily cope with volumetric territories.Due to the rather heavy construction and high power, the medium cultivator for giving will perform better loosening. The width of the soil in this device is from 40 to 85 cm, so it will be most effective in large areas. In addition, the average cultivators have another additional advantage - the presence of reverse gear in it.
The power of these units exceeds 6 hp, weight - more than 60 kg - and more than 28 cm loosening depth. Besides the fact that with the help of a heavy cultivator you can carry up to 3 tons of cargo, you can also install additional equipment for irrigation. There is also a plow function.
Among landowners, the electric cultivator for summer cottages, which does not require constant refueling of fuel, has become the most popular, and by weight it is much lighter than a gasoline one. The only disadvantage of such devices is the need for an electrical outlet available for the length of the cord. Such a device is perfect for a small piece of land up to 5 acres. Its environmental friendliness also speaks in favor of choosing an electric device, and a dacha is, after all, necessary in order to take a break from exhaust gases in the city.Unlike a gasoline device, an electric cultivator does not need to constantly monitor the quality of gasoline or the oil level, and repairs with the maintenance of an electric cultivator are much cheaper.
Many would agree that the best cultivators for the garden are electric. Even for a person who is completely unaware of the technique, an electrical device will be the best choice, since no technical knowledge and skills are required to work with it. Simply plug in and the device is ready for use.
Practically in any area there are such places, for example, between trees, where neither a gasoline generator nor an electric cultivator will pass for the dacha, due to their rather large width. In this case, manual, small-sized cultivators are able to provide assistance. Even a child can cope with a manual cultivator, which makes it the simplest model in operation, and also the cheapest.
In order to loosen the soft ground, you should choose a rotary (disc) cultivator to give a manual, the width of which will depend on the number of toothed disks on it.The special knife (pololnik) which cuts off a grass and turns out its roots from under the soil is included in the package of this model.
For solid earth, a cultivator-ripper is perfect, in which special sharp curved teeth are provided that break the crust and dense inclusions.
There are also small hand cultivators with short handles that are suitable for working in containers and pots, as well as for loosening the land on alpine hills.
Precautions when working with a cultivator
There are a number of rules that must be followed when working with a cultivator. If the device is handled incorrectly, there is a possibility of serious injury, in addition, various hard objects can get into the cultivator mechanism, which it will throw off with great force and speed. Therefore, before starting work, you need to make sure that there are no various solid foreign objects on the site, such as wooden sticks, stones and especially metal objects.
The presence of constantly moving parts of the unit is also a great danger. Therefore, it is necessary to work with the device in special protective clothing covering the body on all sides.There are cases when the cultivator turns over for giving, and you need to immediately turn off the engine.
After finishing work with the device, it should be sent to storage, but before that it must be prepared for this. First of all, it is necessary to work out all gasoline, then clean all its parts from the ground, wipe well and apply oil to it with a thin layer so that the cultivator does not rust. Store the unit in a ventilated and dry room.
Summing up, we can say for sure that in order to choose the right cultivator you must first of all decide what kind of work it will have to perform. If we consider the various cultivators for the garden, the reviews of other gardeners tend to choose electric devices. After all, electric cultivators have a lot of advantages, one of which is ease of management. In addition, many gardeners and gardeners mark the eco-friendly side of the unit, because for many, a summer house is a place where you want to hide from the polluted air of a megacity. But there are also a lot of negative reviews about electrical devices.Owners of fairly large areas, for example, not from a hand across the entire garden to pull the carrier, without which the electric motor simply will not start.
Another true advice, which is also mentioned by a large number of landowners, is the presence of a reverse gear in the cultivator. Very often, when you encounter an obstacle, which is not possible to drive around, the only way out will be the reverse. Its absence will give the host unit a lot of inconvenience.
You should not also chase the latest and most expensive models, while having a piece of land with a size of no more than 6-8 acres, although there is also no need to save here. After all, the unit is not purchased for one or two years, and it is on the correct choice that its service life will depend.