How to plant spruce?
Fluffy sprawling spruce with bluish-gray needles is the decoration of any country house or suburban area. To grow a spruce of many knowledge and skills is not necessary, since the plant is quite unpretentious. How to grow spruce, read below in the article.
There are several ways to grow fir trees at home.
The most common ones are:
- growing from seed;
- cultivation of seedlings purchased in a specialized nursery.
Consider in detail each of them.
How to grow spruce from seed
Growing spruce from seed is quite difficult. In order to admire personally grown tree, you have to work hard, and it will take a lot of time to complete this process. But if the possible difficulties do not frighten you and you are ready to wait for the result for several years, then do not hesitate to get down to business.
- The first step is to prepare spruce seeds. In order for the seeds to sprout, they must be fully matured, and spruce seeds finally ripen around mid-February.It is at this time that you will have to go for the cones to the nearest park or forest where blue spruces grow. Collect there the best unopened spruce cones (clean, smooth and intact) and bring them home. Houses brought from the forest cones put in a canvas bag, tie it and put it around the battery for a few days. Cones in the heat will open, and the seeds naturally spill out of them.
- Discard the cones, rub the seeds lightly and blow off the broken impellers.
- Rinse the seeds, hold them for a short time in a weak solution of potassium permanganate, lay them on a paper towel and dry well. Dry seeds in a glass jar, cover with a lid and put the seeds in the fridge until it is planted.
How to plant seeds ate
- Spruce seeds planted in the ground in late April - early May. Prepare the soil for planting seeds in advance - build a mini-greenhouse in the garden and replace the top layer of soil with a mixture of meadow soil, peat and coarse-grained river sand. For better germination, add complex fertilizers with a long period of action to the substrate.
- Before planting the surface of the substrate in the greenhouse carefully level and thoroughly tamp.
- Remove the seeds from the refrigerator, soak them in a medium-pink solution of potassium permanganate for a couple of hours, then lightly dry and plant directly on the soil surface in the greenhouse (spill the soil well before). It is not necessary to bury the seeds! After sowing, sand them with a thin (1 - 1.5 cm) layer of peat or sawdust and cover the greenhouse with a film.
How to care for seedlings ate
- In ten days you will see the first shoots. When the tiny Christmas trees grow up a bit (it will take about a month), slightly thin their rows and leave the best and strongest specimens.
- After the warm weather finally settles, remove the film. Water young plants only in moderation, try to maintain the minimum natural soil moisture. On hot days, spray the seedlings with water a couple of times a day. If possible, treat the young Christmas trees several times over the summer with solutions of fungicides and insecticides, but you no longer need to fertilize them.
- Next year, in March or in November, plant spruce seedlings. It is necessary to replant the Christmas trees in the school after they have grown to ten centimeters, and they are planted in a permanent place at the age of three.
If you did everything right, then in five years half-meter fluffy Christmas trees will already flaunt in your garden, but not the fact that they will all be blue (according to statistics, from seeds collected from blue spruce trees, only a third of the fir-trees grow with blue needles - the rest needles turn out usual green color). To ensure that you have on your site exactly blue beauty, spruce need to be grown from varietal seedlings.
How to plant a sapling spruce
- In early spring, purchase a two-year-old blue spruce sapling in a specialized nursery of two, or even better. In order for the spruce tree to settle down on your site, buy a seedling with a closed root system (the Christmas tree should be in a special container or pot).
- For your Christmas tree, choose a well-lit place at a distance of 10 - 15 meters from the house (with time the spruce grows strongly).
- Dig a hole about a meter deep and the same width. It is even better to dig a hole for planting in advance (late autumn), and insulate it for winter with roofing felt, leaves and spruce branches.
- Before planting spruce, lay drainage at the bottom of the pit - broken bricks or gravel with a layer of 15 - 20 cm.
- In the ground, extracted from the pit, add a little river sand - no more than 1/3 of the total amount of soil.
- Replant the seedling with a lump of earth. Place the seedling in the pit in such a way that it is located above the ground surface on the site at the same level as above the surface of the substrate in the container. Do not dig the root neck of the seedling in the ground!
- Cover the remaining voids with earth mixed with sand and lightly tamp the soil.
- For the first time, place a support near the Christmas tree so that it does not lean from the wind or from uneven subsidence of the soil.
- In dry weather, water the Christmas tree regularly and treat it with antifungal medication several times a season.