LGBT rainbow flag: history
It is not a secret for anyone that today sexual minorities are becoming more and more active in advocating their own rights. In a number of progressive countries, gays and lesbians are already recognized as full-fledged members of society who do not deserve public censure, and even more so - contempt. Be that as it may, one thing is obvious: this topic is urgent, it is stupid to hush up it, and that means it's time to be enlightened! In this article, the symbolism of this community and, in particular, its main attribute, the rainbow flag, will be discussed in detail.
What is the LGBT movement?
First you need to properly understand the theory.
LGBT activism (from English. Also LGBT - Lesbian + Gay + Bisexual + Transgender; it is also the “gay movement”) is a social and political movement that is carried out by lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender people.
These are representatives of social minorities who, due to their own sexual orientation, may be subjected to various types of xenophobia, discrimination, and intolerance.That is why the fundamental goal of the community is the struggle for their rights as citizens, freedom of sexual choice, respect for human rights, established by the UN International Council.
Followers of the movement advocate recognition and acceptance of their group as a unique unit of society with a certain worldview and culture, and at the same time providing them with the opportunity and right to integrate into the rest of society without detriment to the views and opinions, without losing the specificity and identity of this category of people.
Background of the fighters for their rights
The symbol of tolerance - the rainbow flag - appeared much later than the community itself, because the beginning of self-awareness of activists as a certain, separate group dates back to the second half of the XIX century, that is, the period preceding not only the Second, but even the First World War!
Similar processes and excitement existing in oppressed circles have acquired the most decorated look in Germany. Here the distribution of anonymous leaflets began, then, by scientific definition, people of the “third sex” were gradually introduced into practice, and finally, the German Richard Oswald, co-authored by Dr. Hirschfeld, first released a film that openly touched a problematic topic.He was called "not like everyone else."
Further, such actions, calling not to hush up the urgent issue, began to be carried out in other countries. The creation of alliances began, a series of special almanacs and magazines were launched.
After the war, the world was filled with injustice with interest, and, first of all, LGBT activists felt it. They began to justify whole gay quarters for their own lives, to equip gay bars. Over time, they went further - they began to rally radically, repeal discriminatory, oppressive laws prohibiting them from working in certain professional fields, being blood donors, entering into marriage unions and adopting children in children's homes. And, of course, the oppressed began to invent their own distinctive paraphernalia.
LGBT rainbow flag: history of origin in the world
The appearance of activists of this attribute in everyday life, with whom today gays, lesbians and others are associated in the minds of almost every heterosexual person, is associated with the name of American Gilbert Baker.
In the 70s of the XX century, Baker moved to San Francisco, where he met the successful and recognized by many people Harvey Milk, the basic principles of whose political campaign was the protection of the rights of sexual minorities.This activist became the first open gay in his country, achieved a high political position, made a brilliant career in the legislative sphere.
However, November 1978 was fatal for Harvey - he was killed. The dramatic story of the life of Harvey Milk formed the basis of the same name painting "Harvey Milk".
It is known that shortly before his death, it was Milk who asked young Baker to create a flag that would become a real symbol of the growing gay movement. Gilbert's task was clear, since he had a whole baggage of invented and created slogans, posters, banners and other activist materials for demonstrations, marches, pickets and rallies. The flag appeared in 1978.
The flag created by Baker, also known as the “Flag of Freedom”, “Flag of the World” or “Pride Flag”, is a rectangle, traditionally consisting of 6 longitudinal horizontal stripes, classically replacing each other.
Their colors are associated with the natural order of the color palette in the rainbow and are similarly arranged from top to bottom. However, in general, the internal filling of the flag does not meet the established canons of heraldry in view of the diversity of the combination.The colors that make up the flag and their estimated values are as follows:
- Red - sexuality, fire, vitality and energy.
- Orange is healing.
- Yellow - the sun.
- Green - nature.
- Blue is an art.
- Purple - harmony.
The meaning imprisoned in each lane, according to the creator, should reflect one of the essential, distinctive in terms of values, symbols of human existence. The flag is the material material personification of the openness, pride and brightness of the whole community, morally unified and infinitely joyful in relation to the world.
That the rainbow flag symbolizes is understandable. And where to look for the origins?
About why the rainbow flag of gays is just that, there are many versions. According to one, perhaps the most beautiful of them, the creator was inspired by the atmosphere of irreconcilable hostility of sexual minorities with the government, which was expressed in the form of a clash of visitors of the gay bar Stonewall with the police and serious unrest. It happened at the end of June 1969.
And here is the rainbow flag? The fact is that shortly before the events described, Hollywood singer and actress Judy Garland died,known for her role as Dorothy in the fairytale film “The Wizard of Oz” and at the same time being one of the first icons of the gay community and the movement to fight for their rights. It was the song Garland Over the Rainbow (lit. - “Over the Rainbow”) that could have caused the rainbow flag to become one of the symbols of sexual minorities.
According to other sources, Baker was inspired by memories of anti-war speeches on the campuses of the university, where the striped flags (albeit in slightly different colors) meant tolerance towards all races, personified pacifism and humanity.
The author himself, however, later noticed that the type of flag is a synthesis of simplicity and grace, beauty and deep inner idea. It is to reflect the differences that exist between all people belonging to the LGBT category by gender, age, race and other grounds. However, they all struggle for one thing. Scattered stripes of different colors make up one flag.
Modifications of colored canvas: how they changed it before and what they think up now
With what the rainbow flag means, as well as its history, everything seems to be clear.Much more interesting is that, in view of the technical progress that has stepped forward, and with it human creativity, the traditional color canvas is often subjected to the most varied transformations.
Modifications to the material occurred before: for example, the pink color originally chosen by Baker turned out to be too expensive to be involved in production, and it had to be abandoned, replacing it with a more compromise red.
The bands themselves were originally larger. But people realized that too large a flag was inconvenient to use, and therefore its components were reduced to an even number.
During the AIDS epidemic, the community decided to replace one of the flag stripes with a black one, agreeing to remove it only when the disease is defeated.
However, along with the usual, though sometimes still striking, variations — for example, creating a cloth for 10 (!) Meters in honor of the “birthday” of a symbol — non-standard solutions coexist. So, in the summer of 2015, the outer walls of the White House lit up with the colors of the rainbow of the flag of liberty. This marked the legalization of non-traditional marriages in all states of the country.
After the terrorist attack in Orlando, when people were shot at the gay club, the Eiffel Tower was painted in the colors of the flag as a sign of memory of those killed and solidarity with LGBT people.
Recognition or rejection
At the moment, the LGBT movement and the rights of its followers are legally recognized in most of the European Union, as well as in the United States, Canada, Greenland, Brazil, Uruguay, Argentina, South Africa, New Zealand, Colombia and the Faroe Islands.
The controversial issue of same-sex marriage persists in parts of Mexico and in Costa Rica. The countries where only civil unions and partnerships for representatives of sexual minorities are legalized are Germany, the Czech Republic, Hungary, Austria, Switzerland, Greece, Cyprus, Chile, Liechtenstein, Croatia, Andorra, Italy, Estonia, Ecuador, and partly - Australia.
In all of the above countries, activists can openly declare their sexual orientation, and in the event of pressure on this basis, go to the police and rely on the protection of personal integrity.
The difference lies in the fact that the conclusion of unions and partnerships does not give an unconventional couple a number of legal rights.They are limited in the possibility of adopting a child from an orphanage, they cannot use the services of surrogate motherhood or artificial insemination.
The use of symbolism, including not only the Pride flag, but also other attributes: the pink triangle, the bisexual flag, the purple hand, the transgender symbol, is not even in question here - this is absolutely allowed.
Rainbow Flag: Is it Banned in Russia?
In Russia, the general problem of attitudes towards sexual minorities is extremely acute: for example, the main rainbow symbol of LGBT in the country was even proposed to be banned in 2015 - such a proposal was put forward by the municipal deputy for the Babushkinsky district of Moscow Alexey Lisovenko, as the general public learned through his post Facebook.
The official called the tendency to legalize same-sex marriages "geyratisation", compared it with the "color revolutions" carried out in the United States, allegedly hidden under the guise of democratic actions. Lisovenko believes that Roskomnadzor needs to provide more authority so that the flag of the LGBT community as seldom as possible or does not appear at all on the pages of Internet resources, and websites or user accounts,appealing in their own publications to the attributes of sexual minorities were immediately removed and blocked without the possibility of restoring access.