Malcolm X: biography and photo
Malcolm X (real surname Little) was an African Muslim, priest, orator and fighter for human rights. In world history is considered one of the most famous blacks. Supporters called him a great man fighting for the rights of African Americans, while opponents, on the contrary, accused him of preaching cruelty, the superiority of the black race, racism and anti-Semitism.
Malcolm X was born in Omaha, Nebraska. From an early age, his father gave him valuable lessons concerning pride in the black race and its self-sufficiency. Already in his childhood, the boy himself had to make sure that the racial issue in the country was quite acute.
In 1931, on September 8, his father, Earl Little, fell under a tram, as was written in the official conclusion, but most of the representatives of the local black community blamed members of the racist movements. Malcolm's mother, Louise, tried again to marry, but the failed husband shortly after learning that she became pregnant, left her.Due to nervous tension, Louise lost her mental health and was sent to a psychiatric hospital. Malcolm himself changed many foster families and shelters. In the end, he ended up in jail by contacting a bad company.
Malcolm X's photo can be seen below.
Highly productive, Little spent time behind bars, with the "Nation of Islam," he met there. In February 1946, on February 27, Malcolm was transferred to the Charlestown State Prison, where he met John Elton Bembri, who had changed his life. This man was simply immeasurable respect in prison. Exceptionally sharp mind and diplomacy won Bembri his authority in prison, which was especially incredible. Interest in self-education and reading was able to awaken Bembri in Malcolm.
"Nation of Islam"
From a letter that Brother Philbert sent him, Malcolm X found out about the "Nation of Islam." At first, the story did not arouse much interest in Malcolm. Only thanks to another of his brothers, whose name was Reginald, Little revised his views and even quit eating pork and smoking. In 1948 he wrote a letter to the leader of the movement, Elijah Mohammed.Soon Mohammed persuaded Little to repent of what he had done, start praying to Allah, abandoning the past and promising that he would never again take the path of destruction.
Malcolm was always a rare skeptic, so it was difficult for him to bow before an essence invisible in prayer. However, he managed to overcome himself in just a week.
Malcolm was released on parole in 1952 on August 7. And not only could he boast with a refined conscience, but also a new faith. By his exit, he had already changed his name. X, his last name, symbolized his real African family, which he never knew. Personally, Mohammed Malcolm met shortly after his release from prison. In a short time, he became first a priest's assistant, then a full priest.
FBI interest in Malcolm
Back in 1950, Malcolm X attracted the interest of the FBI by writing a letter to President Truman. In the letter he called himself a communist and expressed his displeasure with the war in Korea. Watching Malcolm on an ongoing basis began in 1953.
Meanwhile, X actively worked, organized new churches and recruited new supporters.His work was helped by the skills of the speaker and quite impressive characteristics of the exterior.
Malcolm and Betty Sanders
They met in 1955. Betty was simply conquered by one of his lectures. And became his ardent fan, and in 1956 joined the "Nation of Islam". Malcolm and Betty married officially on January 14, 1958. Betty gave birth to X. six daughters.
Getting out of the movement and creating a new religious organization
Malcolm X was the official representative and one of the leaders of the Nation of Islam movement for almost 12 years. Leaving the movement forced his conflict with Mohammed.
During a trip to the Middle East and Africa, he created the religious organization Muslim Mosque, Inc.New Malcolm categorically refused his previous convictions, abandoned racism and turned into a Sunni.
Meanwhile, his relationship with the “Nation of Islam” deteriorated to the limit, and less than a year later, after he left the group, he was killed by a trio of members of the movement. A huge public outcry caused the death of X. Martin Luther King himself offered his condolences to his wife. Elijah Mohammed reacted to the death of his former assistant as follows: he declared that his movement did not relate to what happened and that Malcolm’s death happened only because of his own stupidity and ignorance.
The autobiography of Malcolm X was written with the participation of journalist Alex Haley and published in 1965. Writing an autobiography took place between 1963 and 1965. Already after the murder of Malcolm was written an epilogue to the book. Haley described in it the events at the end of X's life and their cooperation during the creation of the book.