Medicines "Diakarb" and "Asparkam"
With elevated intraocular or even in children under one year old, the drug "Diacarb" is often prescribed. Usually, in combination with this medication, it is recommended to take the drug Asparkam. In this article we will discuss the purpose of which joint administration of “Diacarb” and “Asparkam” drugs is prescribed and consider the main functions of each of them.
The effect of the drug "Diakarb"
This drug is taken with pulmonary heart disease, which develops against the background of certain lung diseases, for example, with emphysema, characterized by the accumulation of large amounts of bicarbonates and carbon dioxide. The drug helps eliminate excess fluid and prevents pulmonary edema. As mentioned above, with increased intracranial pressure, which is observed in various diseases, and after brain injuries, the medicine "Diacarb" is also prescribed. Tablets have a diuretic effect and help reduce the content of cerebrospinal fluid.The drug is also effective in acute attacks of glaucoma (persistent increase in intraocular pressure), in which there are severe headaches.
Why do they take together drugs "Diakarb" and "Asparkam"?
Like any other diuretic, the drug "Diakarb" has a serious side effect: a large amount of potassium is flushed out of the body, which is necessary for harmonious work of the whole organism, but this substance is especially important for the heart muscle (myocardium). With a reduced level of potassium in the blood (hypokalemia) there is a violation of the acid-base balance in the body. This condition is manifested by muscle weakness, lethargy, decreased performance, the development of cardiac arrhythmias (cardiac arrhythmias).If you use the drug "Diacarb" for children, they may develop seizures. That is why it is recommended to additionally take the medicine "Asparkam" - in its composition there are potassium and magnesium ions that can compensate for the deficiency of these essential substances. The main active ingredient of the drug is potassium, and magnesium contributes to its penetration into the cells.Due to potassium, osmotic pressure is restored in cells, and magnesium takes part in carbohydrate metabolism, supplies cells with energy necessary for their functioning. In addition, thanks to the action of the drug "Asparkam" bicarbonate is excreted from the body, the acidity of the blood rises, and the normal heart rhythm is restored.
Instructions for use of drugs "Diakarb" and "Asparkam"
The dosage and regimen of these medicines is determined solely by the doctor on an individual basis. When using preparations for children, the age and body weight of the child must be taken into account. The medicine "Diakarb" can be applied from the first months of life, combining it with other anticonvulsants. As a rule, the drug "Diakarb" take no more than five days, the course of treatment with the drug "Asparkam" can last for several weeks.
Unfortunately, the drugs "Diakarb" and "Asparkam" along with a positive therapeutic effect have undesirable side effects. The drug "Diakarb", in addition to the above seizures and hypokalemia, can trigger the development of myasthenia, cause nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, pruritus, hemolytic anemia, rolling hematuria, agranulocytosis, nephrolithiasis.When using this drug for more than 5 days, the risk of metabolic acidosis increases several times. The drug "Asparkam" is also not without side effects. The most frequent of these is hyperkalemia, in which nausea, abdominal pain, diarrhea, vomiting and hypermagnesium are observed, which manifests itself in facial skin flushing, decreased blood pressure, thirst, muscle weakness. It is undesirable to take these drugs during pregnancy and lactation. If the reception of these funds in the specified periods is necessary, you should definitely consult with your doctor.
Medicines "Diakarb" and "Asparkam" are the most effective combination, which, subject to all recommendations of the doctor can without any complications to remove excess fluid from the body.