Mutiny on the ship "Watchdog"
40 years ago, on November 8, 1975, Captain Valery Sablin raised an uprising on the Sentry Ship. On that day, Sablin addressed the crew with the words: “The current state apparatus must be thoroughly cleaned and partially thrown into the dustbin of history. Action plan - we go to Kronstadt, and then to Leningrad - the city of three revolutions. ” He isolated the commander of the ship, voluntarily removed the ship from the raid in Riga and took him to Leningrad. The uprising suppressed immediately.
Valery Mikhailovich Sablin was born on January 1, 1939 in Leningrad to the family of the hereditary sailor Mikhail Sablin. In 1960 he graduated from the Frunze Leningrad Higher Naval School. He received a specialty ship-gunner and began service in the Northern Fleet as assistant commander of a battery of 130-mm guns of a squadron destroyer. Until 1969, he served in military posts and from the post of assistant commander of the patrol ship of the Northern Fleet entered the Lenin Military-Political Academy.He graduated from the Academy in 1973 with honors: his name was stamped on a marble board among the names of other best graduates of the Academy (in November 1975 he was hastily knocked out with a chisel). After graduating from the Academy, Captain III Rank Sablin was appointed deputy political officer on a large anti-submarine ship "Watchdog".
Sablin has developed a detailed program for the reorganization of society. Sablin was distinguished by high political activity and already wrote to Khrushchev, expressing his thoughts about the purity of the party ranks. He advocated a multiparty system, freedom of speech and discussion, changing the order of elections in the party and the country. He announced his program, pointing out serious mistakes and disintegration of the Soviet leadership, the officer decided from the “tribune” of the BOD “Watchdog”.
However, Sablin could not immediately realize his plan. The ship was new, the crew was just being formed. The officers were loaded with work. In the course of combat service, the commander-in-chief studied the crew and gradually introduced his views and plans to some of its members, found like-minded people among them. The opportunity for performance appeared at Sablina in the fall of 1975, when the ship was sent for scheduled repairs to Liepaja,but before that he received an order to take part in the naval parade in Riga, dedicated to the 58th anniversary of the Great October Socialist Revolution. Some officers of the ship went on vacation, their absence was in the hands of Sablin.
November 6, 1975 "Watchdog" arrived at the raid of Riga. On November 8, 1975, at around 19 o'clock, with cunning, Sablin lured and locked up the ship's commander, Anatoly Potulny, on the lower deck. After that, he gathered 13 officers and 13 midshipmen in the midshipman mess-room, where he outlined his views and suggestions. In particular, he said that the leadership of the USSR had departed from Leninist principles. Sablin proposed to make the unauthorized transfer of the ship to Kronstadt, to declare it an independent territory, on behalf of the crew to request the leadership of the party and the country to give him the opportunity to speak on Central Television outlining their views. According to another version, Sablin planned to lead the ship to Leningrad, stand on the raid near Aurora and from there daily go on air, calling on citizens of the USSR for the communist revolution, to change the Brezhnev party-state apparatus and establish social justice.
Sablin offered to vote for his proposals. Part of the officers supported him, and 10 opposing were isolated. In fact, the officers and warrant officers (even those who did not agree with Sablin in everything to the end) allowed Sablin to seize the ship. Allowed by their non-resistance, their withdrawal from the course of events, their consent to the arrest. Then Sablin assembled the crew of the ship and spoke before the sailors and foremen. He announced that most of the officers were on his side, and suggested that the crew also support him. The disoriented crew did not resist. In fact, one resolute and active person subjugated the entire crew to his will. He could have been prevented by the captain, but Sablin was skillfully isolated from the crew.
The plans of the political officer were violated by the commander of the electrical group of the ship, Senior Lieutenant Firsov, who managed to quietly leave the Watchtower and report on the emergency. As a result, Sablin lost the element of surprise. He took the ship out of the port and sent it to the exit from the Gulf of Riga.
Vice-Admiral Kosov ordered the ships stationed on the Riga roads to catch up with the rebel.Reports of emergency on the "Watchdog" were immediately sent to the Ministry of Defense and the Kremlin. An alarm bell found the Commander-in-Chief of the Soviet Navy Admiral of the Fleet of the Soviet Union Gorshkov in the country; on the way to Moscow, he got in touch with his country's minister of defense, Marshal Grechko, from his car. The order of the Minister was brief: "Catch up and destroy!"
On alarm, the ships of the border guard and the Baltic Fleet, as well as the 668th Bomber Aviation Regiment, were raised. Then, on the orders of Marshal Grechko, a regiment of strategic aviation took off - long-range missile carriers Tu-16. The border guards asked to be allowed to demolish the wheelhouse with Sablin from machine guns, but the Kosov did not allow. "Watchdog" warned: at the intersection of the 20th meridian, a rocket blow will be delivered to the destruction.
On November 9, at 10 am, Admiral Gorshkov transmitted an order to the Watchtower on the radio: “Stop the course!” Captain Sablin refused. Marshal Grechko repeated the order on his behalf. Instead of answering, Sablin broadcast the appeal: “Everybody! Everybody Everyone! .. "Ship radio operator at the end of the text added from himself:" Goodbye, little brothers! "
At about three in the morning on November 9, 1975, the 668th Bomber Aviation Regiment, based at the Tukums airfield two dozen kilometers from Jurmala, was raised on alert.
Having been armed with the Yak-28 front bombers that were outdated by that time, the regiment was not prepared to launch air strikes at sea targets at night in adverse meteorological conditions with a set minimum of weather.
The commander of the regiment, as required by the Battle Regulations, began to take decisions to strike the ship, the deputies and the heads of services to prepare proposals for the decision, the headquarters to carry out the necessary calculations, execute this decision and organize its implementation.
The army crew of a reconnaissance aircraft, not prepared for such tasks, did not fulfill its task - the ship did not find it.
The crew of the bomber searching for the Sentry Watch in the calculated area almost immediately discovered a large surface target within the search area, reached it at a predetermined height of 500 meters, identified it visually in the haze as a destroyer of a destroyer, and bombarded ahead of time the course of the ship, seeking to put a series of bombs closer to the ship. The bombs exploded almost over its surface, and a sheaf of fragments ricocheted directly into the side of the ship, which turned out to be a Soviet dry cargo ship that departed a few hours before from the port of Ventspils.
The error became clear rather quickly: the cargo ship in the radio telegraph and radio telephone modes began to give a distress signal, accompanying it in clear text: a gangster attack in the territorial waters of the Soviet Union. The ships of the Baltic Fleet and the KGB Frontier Forces received these signals and reported on command. This ship gave a distress call for more than an hour, until one of the warships approached it. It is known that there were no dead or wounded on board, and the damage to the ship cost the Ministry of Defense a tanker of rectified alcohol and a five-ton truck of oil paint (all of the above was taken to Ventspils).
And about. the commander of the air army suddenly ordered to raise the entire regiment in the shortest possible time to attack the ship (the exact location of the ship was still not known).
The head of the flights at the command and control center (KDP), having first understood the absurdity and danger of the situation, forbade anyone to take off without his permission than to incur a storm of negative emotions on the part of the regiment commander.To the credit of the old and experienced lieutenant colonel, who showed firmness, the regiment took off to perform a combat mission acquired a manageable character. But it was already impossible to build a pre-designed battle order of the regiment in the air, and the planes went to the strike area mixed up in two echelons with a minute interval at each. In fact, it was already a flock, not controlled by squadron commanders in the air, and an ideal target for two ship-based SAM systems with a 40-second firing cycle. With a high degree of probability, it can be argued that if the ship actually reflected this air strike, then all 18 airplanes of this “battle order” would have been shot down.
At this time, the plane searching for a ship from the island of Gotland finally found a group of ships, two of which looked larger on the screen of the radar sight, while the others lined up like a front. Violating all prohibitions not to fall below 500 meters, the crew passed between two warships at a height of 50 meters, which he defined as large anti-submarine ships (BOD). Between the ships was 5-6 km, on board one of them was clearly visible the desired side number of the rebel "Watchdog". The second was the pursuer ship.A report on the azimuth and distance of the ship from the Tukums airfield, as well as a confirmation of its attack, immediately went to the regiment's command post. Having received permission to attack, the crew executed the maneuver and attacked the ship from a height of 200 meters from the front from the side at an angle of 20-25 degrees from its axis. Sablin, driving the ship, competently tore off the attack, vigorously maneuvering in the direction of the attacking aircraft to a course angle equal to 0 degrees.
The bomber was forced to stop the attack (it was unlikely to hit the narrow target when bombing from the horizon) and with a decrease to 50 meters (the crew remembered two Osa air defense systems all the time) slipped right over the ship. With a small set to a height of 200 meters, he performed a maneuver, called in the tactics of the Air Force, a “standard 270-degree turn”, and attacked the ship again from the rear side. Quite reasonably assuming that the ship would emerge from under attack by maneuvering in the opposite direction from the attacking plane, the crew attacked at such an angle that the ship did not have time to turn around to the course angle of the plane equal to 180 degrees before the bombs dropped.
It happened exactly as the bomber crew assumed.Sablin sought not to substitute the side of the ship, fearing top-mast bombing (he did not know that the bomber did not have the aerial bombs needed for this method of bombing). The first bomb of the series hit right in the middle of the deck on the hulk of the ship, destroyed the deck covering during the explosion and stuck the ship’s steering wheel in the position it was in. Other bombs of the series lay with a flight at a slight angle from the axis of the ship and damaged the steering wheel and screws. The ship began to describe the wide circulation and stalled course.
The crew of the bomber, completing the attack, began to sharply gain altitude, keeping the Watchdog in sight and trying to determine the result of the strike, as he saw a series of flares fired from the side of the attacked ship. The report on the regiment’s command post sounded extremely briefly: In the air and on the crew of the regiment, instant silence was established, because everyone was waiting for the start of the closed switchgear and did not forget about it for a minute. Who got them? After all, a column of single aircraft was already approaching the point where the ship was located. These moments of absolute silence seemed like a long hour. After some time, a clarification followed: the signal flares, and the air literally exploded with the diverse voices of crews trying to clarify their combat mission.
The regiment airplanes reached the target, and the first crew of the regiment's column jumped out onto one of the pursuit ships and immediately attacked him, taking him for a rebellious ship. The attacked ship from falling bombs dodged, but responded with fire from all of its anti-aircraft automatic weapons. He shot a ship a lot, but by, and this is understandable: the border guards were hardly ever able to shoot at a “live”, skillfully maneuvering aircraft.
And it was only the first bomber from the 18 in the column of the regiment that attacked, and who would the others attack? No one doubted that the pilots were determined by this point in time: neither the rebels nor the pursuers. Apparently, the naval command in time asked itself this question, and found the right answer to it, realizing that it was time to stop this orgy of strikes, in fact, by them and “organized”. On the air, in clear text in the radio telephone mode on the VHF channels of aviation control, it repeatedly went to the “Control exercises of the forces of the fleet and aviation - hang up”.
Even before the demonstrative and demonstrative bombing of the ship, its personnel, who had begun to take measures to deactivate weapons and some technical equipment on a proactive basis, self-advocated and took vigorous actions to free the commander and officers.
At 10.20, even before dropping bombs by plane, they were released by a group of brave sailors.
The actions of the ship commander during the release and in the future were quick and decisive. On his orders, an arsenal was opened, sailors, foremen and officers were armed.
Here is how the Watchdog commander himself tells about it:
“I tried to get out of the compartment where Sablin lured me to. I found some piece of iron, broke the constipation at the hatch, got into the next compartment - it was also locked. When this lock broke, the sailor Shein blocked the hatch with a sliding emergency stop. Everything, most do not get out. But then the sailors began to guess what was going on. Senior Officer 1 of Kopylov’s article with the sailors (Stankyavichus, Lykov, Borisov, Nabiyev) pushed Shein away, knocked the support and released me. I took the gun, the rest were armed with machine guns and two groups — one from the side of the tank, and I began to climb the bridge along an internal passageway. Seeing Sablina, the first impulse was to shoot him right there, but then the thought flashed: “He is still useful to justice!” I shot him in the leg. He fell. We went up to the bridge, and I announced on the radio that order on the ship was restored. ”
It was the only case of the use of firearms on board the Watchdog.
Then a boarding group was landed on the deck, arresting the wounded instigator of the uprising. Sablin and his supporters were arrested. All the blame for the incident Sablin immediately took over, without naming anyone as accomplices.
The Military Collegium of the USSR Supreme Court accused Sablina of treason against her motherland and sentenced her to death. The investigation announced that this entire political program was developed only to deceive future comrades: in fact, Sablin was not going to lead the ship to Leningrad, but to the Swedish island of Gotland, where the ship's commander intended to ask for political asylum in the United States. Accusations of treason and an attempt to hijack a warship abroad, Sablin categorically rejected. Captain 3rd rank Valery Sablin and several others involved in the rebellion, were deprived of titles and awards. Sablin was shot on August 3, 1976 in Moscow.
After the collapse of the USSR, Sablin and Shein were spoken of as victims of the totalitarian regime. Law enforcement agencies three times undertook to review their case, and on the third attempt in 1994, the military board of the Supreme Court revised it in the light of new circumstances.The “firing” article on treason was reclassified to articles on military crimes - excess of power, disobedience and resistance to the authorities, which, in aggregate, were “only” 10 years in prison. In this case, the judges recorded a separate line that Sablin and Shein are not subject to full rehabilitation. According to the newspaper “Arguments and Facts”, the letter of Sablina, dated November 8, 1975, seized during a search, is also kept in the investigation file. “Dear, beloved, my good daddy and mommy! - wrote Sablin. - It was very difficult to start writing this letter, as it will probably cause you anxiety, pain, and maybe even outrage and anger towards me ... My actions are driven only by one desire - to do what is in my power so that our people , good, mighty people of our Motherland, wake up from political hibernation, because it affects destructively on all aspects of the life of our society ... ”
From Sablin's Appeal to the Soviet People, recorded on a magnetic tape (decoding the organs of the KGB investigation):
“Comrades! Listen to the text of the speech, with which we are striving to speak on radio and television.
First of all, thank you very much for your support, otherwise I would not talk with you today. Our speech is not a betrayal of the Motherland, but a purely political, progressive speech, and those who are trying to hinder us will be traitors to the Motherland. My comrades asked me to convey that in the event of military action against our country, we will adequately protect it. And now our goal is different: to raise the voice of truth.
We are firmly convinced that many honest people in the Soviet Union have a purely critical plan regarding the policy of the CPSU Central Committee and the Soviet government to express their views on the internal situation in our country.
[...] Lenin dreamed of a state of justice and freedom, and not of a state of strict submission and political powerlessness. [...] I think it makes no sense to prove that at the present time the servants of society have already turned into masters over society. On this point, everyone has more than one example from life. We are witnessing a game of formal parliamentarism in the elections to the Soviet organs and in the performance of their duties by the Soviets. Practically, the fate of the entire people is in the hands of a select elite in the person of the Politburo of the CPSU Central Committee.Comprehensive concentration of power, political, state, has become a stable and universally recognized fact. Especially the fateful role in the development of the revolutionary process in our country was played by the destruction of dissidents during the personality cult of Stalin and Khrushchev. Now, note, too, up to 75 people are arrested every year for political reasons. Lost faith in the existence of justice in our society. And this is the first symptom of a serious illness of society. [...] For some reason, it is believed that the people should be content with the facts and be a politically weak-willed mass. And the people need political activity ... Tell me, where, in what newspaper or in the broadcast of radio and television is the criticism of the leaders allowed? It is excluded. And we must honestly admit that we do not have a political or public body that would allow the discussion on many controversial issues of the social, political, economic, and cultural development of our country to unfold, since everything is under pressure from party and state bodies. The most advanced social development system in a historically short period of time, 50 years, broke into such a social system,in which the people found themselves in a musty atmosphere of unquestioning faith in instructions from above, in an atmosphere of political deprivation of rights and wordlessness, in which the fear of speaking out against the party and another state body flourishes, as this will affect personal destiny. Our people have already suffered and suffer greatly because of their political powerlessness. Only a narrow circle of specialists knows how much harm the voluntaristic intervention of state and party organs has brought in the development of science and art, in the development of the armed forces and the economy, in solving national issues and educating young people.
Of course, we can laugh a million times over the satire of Raikin, the magazine “Crocodile”, the film magazine “Wick,” but tears must once appear through laughter about the present and future of the Motherland. It is time not to laugh, but to attract someone to the national court and ask with all the severity for all this bitter laughter. Now in our country there is a difficult situation: on the one hand, with external, official, in our society, universal harmony and social consent, neither give nor take - a nation-wide state, and on the other hand - universal individual dissatisfaction with the existing state of affairs.[...] Our performance is only a small impulse, which should serve as the beginning of a surge. [...] Will the communist revolution be in the nature of an acute class struggle in the form of armed struggle or limited to political struggle? It depends on a number of factors. First, whether the people immediately believe in the need for social change. And in that way to them only through the communist revolution. Or it will be a long process of growth of public understanding, political consciousness. Secondly, whether the organizing and inspiring force of the revolution will be created in the near future, that is, a new revolutionary party, based on a new advanced theory. And finally, how fiercely the tops will resist the revolution, drown it in people's blood, and this largely depends on which side the troops, police and other armed units take. One can only theoretically assume that the availability of modern media, communications and transport, as well as the high cultural level of the population, the great experience of social revolutions in the past, will allow our people to force the government to abandon violent counter-revolutionary measures and direct the revolution along a peaceful path of development.However, we must never forget that revolutionary vigilance is the basis of the success of the struggle in a revolutionary era, and therefore we must be prepared for various turns of history. Our main task at the moment, when there is no wide network of revolutionary circles all over the country, there are neither trade union, nor youth, nor public (and they will grow quickly like mushrooms after rain), the main task now is to instill in people unshakable faith in the vital necessity of the communist revolution, in that there is no other way, everything else will lead to internal, even greater complications and torment. And the doubts of one generation will still result in a resolution of the next generation, more painful and difficult. This belief in the need for revolution will be the rain that will give organizational shoots.
[...] The question immediately arises - who, what class will be the hegemon of the revolution? This will be the class of the laboring, workers 'and peasants' intelligentsia, to which we refer, on the one hand, highly skilled workers and peasants, and on the other hand, engineering and technical personnel in industry and agriculture. Behind this class is the future.This is a class that will gradually turn into a society without classes after the communist revolution. And who will stand up to this class? What is the social face of the opponent? Management class. He is not numerous, but he has a concentrated management of the economy, the media, finance. On the basis of it all state superstructure is built, and at the expense of it it keeps. The management class includes party and trade union liberated workers, heads of large and medium production teams and shopping centers, who successfully use, without violating, of course, Soviet laws, the socialist economic system for personal enrichment, personal approval in society as a master, by state network of additional material and moral benefits. This new system of exploitation through the circulation of capital through the state budget requires more detailed study to expose and destroy. [...]
And, finally, the core issue of any revolution is a question of power ... It is assumed ... that, firstly, the current state apparatus will be thoroughly cleaned, and broken down and thrown into some dump sites of history,since he is deeply infected with nepotism, bribery, careerism, he is arrogant towards the people, secondly, the election system should be thrown at the dump, turning the people into a faceless mass. Thirdly, all conditions that give rise to the omnipotence and lack of control of state bodies on the part of the masses must be eliminated. Will these questions be solved through the dictatorship of the leading class? Sure to! Otherwise, the whole revolution will end with the seizure of power - and no more. Only through the greatest national vigilance is the path to a society of happiness. ” [...]
“Now listen to the radiogram that is supposed to be given to the address of the Fleet command about our performance.
Radiogram addressed to the Commander-in-Chief of the Navy of the USSR. I ask you to urgently report to the Politburo of the Central Committee of the CPSU and the Soviet government that the flag of the coming communist revolution has been raised at the military-industrial complex "Watchtower".
We demand: the first is to declare the territory of the Watchdog ship free and independent from state and party organs during the year.
The second is to provide an opportunity for one per crew member according to ourthe decision to speak on Central Radio and Television for 30 minutes from 21.30 to 22.00 Moscow time daily ...
The third is to provide the Watchdog ship with all kinds of food allowances according to the norms in any base.
Fourth - allow the “Watchdog” to anchor and mooring in any base and point of the territorial waters of the USSR. The fifth is to ensure the delivery and dispatch of the Watchdog mail. The sixth is to allow the radio broadcasts of the Watchdog radio station in the Mayak radio network in the evening.
From the tape interpretation by the investigating authorities of the KGB:
“ALL! EVERYTHING! EVERYTHING!
Says a large anti-submarine ship "Watchdog". We are not traitors to the Motherland and not adventurers seeking fame by any means. There is an urgent need to openly raise a number of questions about the political, social and economic development of our country, about the future of our people, requiring a collective, national, discussion without pressure from state and party bodies. We decided on this speech with a clear understanding of responsibility for the fate of the Motherland, with a sense of ardent desire to achieve communist relations in our society.But we are also aware of the danger of being physically or morally destroyed by the relevant state authorities or by hired employees. Therefore, we seek the support of all honest people in our country and abroad. And if one of our ship’s representatives doesn’t appear on the screens of your televisions at the time indicated by us, the day at 9:30 pm Moscow time, please don’t go to work the next day and continue this TV strike until the government refuses the rough violation of freedom of speech and until our meeting with you.
Support us, comrades! Goodbye",
The wireless telegraphist himself added: “Farewell, little brothers! ..”
Help BOD "Watchdog"
BOD (after it was renamed as TFR) the “Watchtower” project 1135 was built in 1973. The first line was taken 4.06.74 years. The length is 123 meters, the width is 14 meters, the draft is 4.5 meters. Speed - 32 knots. Autonomy: 30 days.
Armament: anti-submarine missile complex "Metel" (4 PU); 2 Osa anti-aircraft missile systems (40 missiles); 2 76 mm AK-726 two-gun automatic artillery mounts; 2 x 4 533-mm torpedo tubes; 2 twelve-barreled bombing installations 12 RBU-6000; The crew - 190 people.
After Sablina’s riot, the crew was disbanded, and the ship was sent to Vladivostok across the Atlantic, Indian and Pacific Oceans. In July 1987, after repair in Vladivostok, the TFR relocated to a permanent duty station in Kamchatka. The name has not changed.
The Watchdog is the most honored of the once-numerous detachment of ships of this project: nearly 210 thousand miles passed, was in combat service 7 times, participated in the rescue of the crew of the K-429 submarine, which sank in 1983 in Sarannaya Bay.
October 13, 2002 at the "Watchdog" flag was lowered, and the ship was removed from the fleet.
Here you can read another version that Valery Sablin is a KGB agent
Cherkashin N. A. Emergencies in the Soviet Navy. M., 2007.
Let me remind you this story, for example, what the Belenko button is, but we argued about whether a jet plane could fly under a bridge or, for example, how a plane flew without a pilot ... but there was also an unknown ram of a residential house by plane NovosibirskThis is a copy of the article located at http://masterokblog.ru/?p=12101.