Nephrolepis fern: home care
Nephrolepis is the most popular representative of ferns. This can not be named, because the main way of its reproduction is spores, which means the complete absence of flowers. This fern belongs to the family of Davalievs.
The name of the plant - nephrolepis (care at home is quite simple) comes from the Greek words "nephros" (kidney) and "lepis" (scales).
In nature, this representative of ferns can be found in countries such as America and Australia, and also found in the forests of tropical latitudes in Asia.
Most popular varieties
In nature, the number of different types of fern is simply amazing. However, only a few of them are often used as a houseplant: Nephrolepis "Exalted", "Green Lady", "Corditas" and "Cardio-Leaf".
Nephrolepis "Exalted" (basic care at home) is the most popular indoor fern. Its main feature is considered to be a high vertical rhizome, which has a single-leaf rosette on top.This type of papoprotector affects the level of humidity in the room where it is located.
Nephrolepis "Corditas" (care at home is the same as for other plants) refers to the so-called curly ferns, in which the leaves twist a little, in addition, they are directed exclusively upwards and do not wilt.
Nephrolepis "Green Lady" is a rather beautiful plant with large feathery leaves, collected in a common outlet.
Despite the fact that the fern nephrolepis (home care simple) is a tropical plant, with all the rules and comfortable conditions, you can achieve the development of lush leaves of the right size. Very often it can be found in offices, educational institutions, because it is quite unpretentious and can get along in any conditions, especially where it is warm, light and humid. It is used because the plant perfectly purifies the air while absorbing substances harmful to the human body, such as formaldehyde and toluene, which is especially important for office workers or schoolchildren who spend a large amount of working time in the same room.Also it is the fern nephrolepis, care at home (the photo of the samples can be seen in the article), which is quite simple, can neutralize all pathogens that the infected person exhales into the air.
Basic rules of care
Nephrolepis, home care for which even a beginner can do, requires a large area for itself. This also applies to airspace, and space for the root system. For the rest, regardless of the type chosen, whether it is Nefrolepis "Green Lady" (care at home does not take much time) or "Exalted", the plant is very unpretentious.
Since this type of fern is a tropical plant, it feels very good at moderate temperatures. In nature, it grows exclusively near water bodies, due to the fact that it is very humid there and there is no access to direct sunlight. The ideal temperature will be 20 degrees, in these conditions you can observe the active growth of the fern. The maximum allowable level is 28 degrees, the minimum is 14 degrees. However, at these temperatures, the plant requires more thorough care.
Nephrolepis is a plant that loves moisture. If you maintain a moderate temperature in the room, then even the dry air will be carried by the fern without any problems, provided that watering and spraying are timely. If the temperature is elevated, you need to sprinkle daily. Suitable for this soft water. In order to help the fern to transfer the heat, it can be removed to the place where the deep shadow prevails. In this case, the pot should be put on a pallet, pre-covered with moss, or expanded clay, in which, further, you need to periodically add water.
If, on the contrary, the air temperature is lowered, then it is necessary to ensure that the plant does not overcool, and the development of a fungal or other disease does not begin.
If we take into account the natural conditions of growth of a fern, then we can safely say that he needs light in the form of scattered rays. Feels very good in partial shade and even in full shade, because it is most often found in the forest where the sun practically does not flow.
When grown at home, windows from the north side of the apartment will work well.It is also possible location in the depths of the room and even in the bathroom, provided there is at least a small window there. If too much light enters the plant, new shoots will grow shorter, the middle of the rosette will decrease in size, and the leaves themselves will twist.
Watering a fern, regardless of its type, should be regular and abundant. It is impossible to overdry earthen coma. If the plant fades, it will not be possible to restore the former beauty.
Watering should be increased during the period of active growth and slightly reduced when the period of rest and development stops, but it is impossible to completely stop watering. But it is also not recommended to overmoisten the soil. Stagnation of water in the pan should not be allowed, it is necessary to clean when watering.
Water for irrigation should be taken soft, free from lime.
Twice a day, the plant must be sprayed, at elevated temperatures to bring their number to five.
Soil selection and transplant rules
Nephrolepis transplanted, care at home for which a simple spring. Do it only once a year.During this process, it is recommended to carefully inspect the roots and, if they have significantly increased in size, pick a larger pot for them. However, even if replacement of the pots is not required, it is necessary to replace the soil com. Do not forget about the drainage.
A monosubstrate suitable for transplantation, which consists of turf or leafy soil. However, for a better and more complete development of the plant, it is better to use a soil mixture as a soil, which consists of:
- coniferous land;
- greenhouse earth.
Also, the fern will feel good in a pot with peat, leaf ground and river sand.
The plant needs feeding in the period of active growth, that is, in spring and autumn. This should be done every week, using mineral and organic fertilizers. In winter, the amount of fertilizing can be reduced to once every three weeks, but the order of application of organic and mineral fertilizers is fully preserved.
There is a certain rule: only adult plants can be fed. Fertilizing under the separated shoots is better when they have developed a root system.
There are several ways to reproduce nephrolepis:
- sprouts (next to the pot, you need to prepare another one with the ground, where you can lower and sprinkle the tops of the young sprouts, which can be removed after 3-4 wayas unfold);
- division (a large bush is divided during the next spring transplant);
- division of the rhizome (carried out when the sides appear new leaves).
The main pest that can destroy a plant is a shield. At the first signs of its appearance on the fern, a special chemical treatment is carried out.
But during sporulation, the presence of brown spots and stripes is not a disease.
Pale leaves, dark spots may indicate a large amount of light. In this case, the plant must be rearranged in the shade and spray abundantly.
On the excess moisture in the ground says rot on the leaves. To get rid of it, the soil must be dried and then watered in the required mode and quantity.