Neva: tributaries. Large tributaries of the Neva
In this article we will consider the tributaries of the Neva. The list of these rivers is quite significant. The Neva, which flows from the source to the mouth for seventy-four kilometers, replenishes with its waters twenty-six tributaries. On the banks of this northern river four cities grew up. The main and most famous is St. Petersburg. It is also called the city on the Neva. But there are other large and not very populated points. Of these, cities are Shlisselburg, Kirovsk, Otradnoye. What is interesting and even unique? This is the only water artery that originates in a closed pond - Lake Ladoga. And it flows into the Gulf of Finland in the Baltic Sea. No less interesting is the history of the birth of the Neva. From it we will begin our story.
History of the Neva
This river did not appear in prehistoric times, butmuch later - just a few thousand years ago. Once Lake Ladoga was not a closed reservoir. The water level in it was lower. The Mga River flowed into the lake. Tosna was flowing through the area where Neva waves are now rolling. But gradually the jumper linking Ladoga with the Gulf of Finland began to swamp. The water level in the lake rose and flooded the Tosna valley. At the highest point the Ivanovo rapids arose. And Tosna and Mga became the tributaries of the Neva River. Now this water artery is an important fragment of the White Sea-Baltic canal. The Neva essentially connects the northern seas with the main Russian river - the Volga.
As for the title, there are threeversion of its origin. The ancient Finns, who lived near Lake Ladoga, called it Nevo-Sea. Whether because of its large size, or because it was once part of the Baltic Sea, it is now difficult to say. The second version is based on the Finnish word "Neva", which translates as "swamp". Well, the jumper with the sea disappeared as a result of siltation. And the banks of the Neva are quite swamped, which was the main difficulty in the construction of the city of St. Petersburg. And, finally, the third version. Neva could get her name from the Swedish word "nude," which means "new." But this version seems unconvincing. After all, the Swedes could hardly know the history of Lake Ladoga and the river flowing from it. Neva, the tributaries of which - Mga and Tosna - were once independent waterways, arose a few thousand years ago.
Complex hydrological network
North-West of Russia is the edge of numerous riversand lakes. Lowland relief, small evaporation and a fair amount of precipitation contribute to the formation of a lot of water bodies in this region. If we study the Ladoga basin, we can count in it forty-eight thousand three hundred rivers and twenty-six thousand three hundred lakes. Impressive, is not it? And this is not counting the huge number of ducts, canals and streams. All these reservoirs are connected by a branched hydrological network. The Neva itself, whose tributaries are navigable, is a great transport artery. At its source, in the city of St. Petersburg, it is divided into several branches, forming numerous islands. The most famous of them are Vasilievsky, Krestovsky, Decembrists, Petrogradsky, Zayachy, Kamenny and Elaginsky. In order to navigate vessels deep into the mainland along the Neva River, in North Venice (also called St. Petersburg) drawbridges were built. One of them - the Palace - is the visiting card of the city.
Neva: tributaries on the left
This river absorbs the waters of twenty-sixarteries. Consider first those that flow into it from the left side. They are Tosna, Mga, Slavyanka, Izhora, Black River, Moika, Monastery, Murzinka and Emelyanovka. Paradoxically, all these tributaries are older than the Neva. And some are even longer. So, the length of Mgi is ninety-three kilometers. Even before the birth of the Neva, its mouth was Ladoga Lake. Now Mga is the natural boundary of the Kirov and Tosno regions. The river is attractive for lovers of water tourism. Another large left tributary of the Neva, Tosna, has a length of 121 kilometers. On the banks of this fish-rich river are settlements of Otradnoye and Nikolskoe. Izhora in its name keeps the memory of the people, which once lived on its shores. Slavyanka flows in the Gatchina district. In the place of its confluence with the Neva is a beautiful city of Pavlovsk. Black River (also called Volkovka) flows directly through St. Petersburg. The place of its confluence is only two kilometers from the mouth of the main river.
Large tributaries of the Neva on the right
On this list, Okhta leads the way. The length of this river is about one hundred kilometers. Ohta flows into the Neva in the Petrozavodsk area. For the first time this river is mentioned in the First Chronicle of Novgorod, dating from the beginning of the fourteenth century. And before the beginning of the twentieth century, Okhta was the natural boundary between St. Petersburg and Shlisselburg Uyezds. Through this long river fifteen bridges are thrown. In the south-east of Petersburg, the Duck flows into the Neva. The name of this six-kilometer small river appeared recently: in the nineteenth century factories of a certain businessman Utkin stood on its banks. Other less significant tributaries are Dubrovka, Gluharka, Chernavka, as well as the streams of Gorely, Nameless and Murinsky.
Sights of the river
The Neva itself, its tributaries and canals are very picturesque. St. Petersburg in large part due to its beauty of the magnificent granite embankments and openwork bridges. A tourist attraction in the city on the Neva is a boat trip along its sleeves: Fontanka, Moika, Pryazhka, Kronverkskiy strait, Griboedov, Kryukov, Obvodnoy, Morskoy. In the Leningrad region on this calm majestic river stands the ancient fortress of Oreshek. It was built in 1323. In the first half of the eighteenth century the Staraya Ladoga canal was built, connecting the lake with the Volkhov River. Pavlovsk - a city with a beautiful palace and park ensemble - is one of the main attractions in the vicinity of St. Petersburg. If you travel upstream of the Neva, you can admire the bridge erected in 1832 on beautiful columns, as well as a four-chamber granite sluice, built in 1836.