Ochakov. Historical Sketches

Original on my blog
A small port-resort town in the south of the Mykolaiv region, which is worth a visit not for the sake of sea tan. For hundreds of years various historical events took place here, the memory of which is still kept by the coastal cliffs. So go!
Ochakov.Historical sketches here, cities, prince, monument, cathedral, also, Ochakovo, few, towers, time, which, the foundations, quite, Ochakovo, teams, therefore, places, served, Camp, Sudkovsky

The eagle sitting on the pyramid of cannonballs is the city's calling card. The man in whose honor this monument was erected in 1903 is already familiar to us — the brigadier Ivan Petrovich Gorich-Bolshiy, a highland prince from the Balkarian clan Basiatov, who served in the Russian army as a brigadier and fell in the assault on the Ochakov fortress. Gorich’s modest tombstone is located in Kherson on the territory of the Catherine’s Cathedral, next to the bell tower.
Gorich-Bolshiy’s strange titling is explained by the fact that Ivan Petrovich had a younger brother, also Ivan, and also served in high positions. The brothers received the first name and surname when they accepted Orthodoxy, why both of them decided to call themselves Ivan, no one will tell about it.
Ochakov. Historical sketches here, cities, prince, monument, cathedral, also, Ochakovo, few, towers, time, which, the foundations, quite, Ochakovo, teams, therefore, places, served, Camp, Sudkovsky

It seems that the fortress on the high Black Sea coast has always been. According to some historians, on the site of the modern Ochakovo lay the ancient polisman Alektor. There are no serious confirmations of this, but Olvia that really existed was a little further, at the mouth of the Southern Bug near the village of Parutino, now excavations are under way there. But I still did not get there.
At the beginning of the 15th century, the Lithuanian princes, taking advantage of the dynastic divisions in the Golden Horde, expanded their power to the Northern Black Sea region. Somewhere here Prince Vitovt founded the Dashev fortress in 1412. After him, the territory was owned by the Genoese, Tatars and Turks, in which the city, then called Achi-Kale, grew and acquired powerful fortifications, which had 15 towers and thick walls of local limestone.
The army of Potemkin stormed Ochakov on a frosty day on December 8 (17), 1788, after a long siege. For some political reasons, Potemkin ordered to destroy everything to the ground here, so little remained of the Turkish fortress.
Apparently, therefore, there is no monument to Potemkin in Ochakov (I do not deserve it). More precisely, there is, but quite differently - the Hero of the Soviet Union, Captain Gennady Fedorovich Potemkin - a native of the city, who died in 1943 during the liberation of Belarus.
Ochakov. Historical sketches here, cities, prince, monument, cathedral, also, Ochakovo, few, towers, time, which, the foundations, quite, Ochakovo, teams, therefore, places, served, Camp, Sudkovsky

From the coast there are beautiful sea views.
Ochakov. Historical sketches here, cities, prince, monument, cathedral, also, Ochakovo, few, towers, time, which, the foundations, quite, Ochakovo, teams, therefore, places, served, Camp, Sudkovsky

In the misty haze, the bulk island Pervomaisky, on which the naval special forces were based in Soviet times, and the 32-meter-long lighthouse of the Western section of the Dnieper estuary, are visible. Next - a narrow strip of Kinburn Spit, administratively related to the Nikolaev region, but connected by land with the Kherson. Although Kinburn has a huge tourist potential, it develops extremely slowly, as the residents of Nikolayev are satisfied with the boat coming from Ochakov, and the Kherson citizens do not see the point of paving there, finally, a decent road.
Another lighthouse is the rear of the Berezansko-Ochakovsky tribe, located almost in the center of the city.
Ochakov. Historical sketches here, cities, prince, monument, cathedral, also, Ochakovo, few, towers, time, which, the foundations, quite, Ochakovo, teams, therefore, places, served, Camp, Sudkovsky

From a high pedestal at the St. Nicholas Cathedral looks at the places of past battles bronze Suvorov.
Ochakov. Historical sketches here, cities, prince, monument, cathedral, also, Ochakovo, few, towers, time, which, the foundations, quite, Ochakovo, teams, therefore, places, served, Camp, Sudkovsky

At Kinburn the life of the commander was almost cut short. During the Turkish assault in October 1787, he collided closely with two Turkish cavalrymen. The situation was saved by the grenadier of the Shlisselburgsky regiment Stepan Novikov, who killed one Turk and shot the second.
Ochakov.Historical sketches here, cities, prince, monument, cathedral, also, Ochakovo, few, towers, time, which, the foundations, quite, Ochakovo, teams, therefore, places, served, Camp, Sudkovsky

St. Nicholas Cathedral.
Ochakov. Historical sketches here, cities, prince, monument, cathedral, also, Ochakovo, few, towers, time, which, the foundations, quite, Ochakovo, teams, therefore, places, served, Camp, Sudkovsky

The chains enclosing the monument are fastened on the trunks of ancient tools dug into the ground.
Ochakov. Historical sketches here, cities, prince, monument, cathedral, also, Ochakovo, few, towers, time, which, the foundations, quite, Ochakovo, teams, therefore, places, served, Camp, Sudkovsky

Other heroes of the Russian-Turkish wars can be found at the entrance to the local military history museum, also named after Suvorov.
Ochakov. Historical sketches here, cities, prince, monument, cathedral, also, Ochakovo, few, towers, time, which, the foundations, quite, Ochakovo, teams, therefore, places, served, Camp, Sudkovsky

The left row is Field Marshal Kutuzov, Ataman Anton Golovaty (compare this simple face with the Odessa monument!), Admiral Ushakov.
Ochakov. Historical sketches here, cities, prince, monument, cathedral, also, Ochakovo, few, towers, time, which, the foundations, quite, Ochakovo, teams, therefore, places, served, Camp, Sudkovsky

Right - Prince Bagration, Chieftain Platov, Barclay de Tolly.
Ochakov. Historical sketches here, cities, prince, monument, cathedral, also, Ochakovo, few, towers, time, which, the foundations, quite, Ochakovo, teams, therefore, places, served, Camp, Sudkovsky

The exposition begins with antiquity and ends with an already independent Ukraine. Especially a lot of materials are devoted to the confrontation of Russia and Turkey, the uprising led by PP Schmidt and the post-war period of the Ochakov air base. But the highlight of the collection is the underwater equipment of the Soviet underwater special forces.
Ochakov.Historical sketches here, cities, prince, monument, cathedral, also, Ochakovo, few, towers, time, which, the foundations, quite, Ochakovo, teams, therefore, places, served, Camp, Sudkovsky

At the same time, it is worth visiting the museum of marine painting by the name of Rufin Sudkovsky. There are few pictures there, they are small in size and fit in two halls. In addition to the work of Sudkovsky, there is one canvas by Aivazovsky and several more - by other marine painter artists.
The artist's grave is located on the eastern side of St. Nicholas Cathedral.
Ochakov. Historical sketches here, cities, prince, monument, cathedral, also, Ochakovo, few, towers, time, which, the foundations, quite, Ochakovo, teams, therefore, places, served, Camp, Sudkovsky

Walking along the streets past simple one-story houses, it is difficult to imagine that events were happening right here, about which entire volumes would later be written. Here is a good example.
Ochakov. Historical sketches here, cities, prince, monument, cathedral, also, Ochakovo, few, towers, time, which, the foundations, quite, Ochakovo, teams, therefore, places, served, Camp, Sudkovsky

Ochakov. Historical sketches here, cities, prince, monument, cathedral, also, Ochakovo, few, towers, time, which, the foundations, quite, Ochakovo, teams, therefore, places, served, Camp, Sudkovsky

One of the key participants in the uprising was my countryman. The conductor Sergey Petrovich Chastnik is a native of the village of Chalbasy (since 1947 - Vinogradovo), which lies 50 km from our district center.
As usually happens in the coastal cities, the local Park of Glory bears in itself a naval style. The central figure - “Monument to the Grieving Sailor” - is, oddly enough, dedicated to post-war events.
Ochakov. Historical sketches here, cities, prince, monument, cathedral, also, Ochakovo, few, towers, time, which, the foundations, quite, Ochakovo, teams, therefore, places, served, Camp, Sudkovsky

On October 5, 1946, on the Molotov cruiser, during the firing practice near the Tendrovsky Spit, gunpowder flared up in the elevator of the gun tower No. 2 (as it was found out later, the elevator mechanism was damaged in 1942 after hitting the German torpedo). From the fire and poisoning with powder gases, the entire personnel of the charger and part in the shell section of the tower died. The ship was rescued by a foreman of the 2nd article of Maslov, who, even before the arrival of the command from the bridge, opened the valves for flooding the cellars. A little later, the foreman of the nose tower artillery grab, having detected the bulkhead heating, also included irrigation without a command.
A farewell to the twenty-two dead sailors was organized in Ochakovo, in the Leninist room of the base of torpedo boats. A restored tower number 2 until the end of the service of the cruiser was considered unlucky for the crew.
Here, in the Park of Glory - another, very strange monument.I suspect that this is the smallest memorial in the world in honor of aviators.
Ochakov. Historical sketches here, cities, prince, monument, cathedral, also, Ochakovo, few, towers, time, which, the foundations, quite, Ochakovo, teams, therefore, places, served, Camp, Sudkovsky

At the time of its founding, the 555th air regiment was a helicopter helicopter, but in 1961 a Be-12 anti-submarine seaplane squadron entered its structure. By the beginning of the 80s, there were already more than ten types of vehicles in the unit - from heavy reconnaissance targets of the Tu-95RTs, which were based in Kulbakino, to An-2 and training L-39s, helicopters remained only in the 3rd squadron. The regiment had the status of research instructors, as it trained and retrained the crews for the naval aviation of all the fleets of the Soviet Union, including the deck.
The unique part was disbanded in 2004, the numbers “2009” on granite - just the anniversary year since its foundation.
Ochakov.Historical sketches here, cities, prince, monument, cathedral, also, Ochakovo, few, towers, time, which, the foundations, quite, Ochakovo, teams, therefore, places, served, Camp, Sudkovsky

On it we will finish with military history and we will be transferred to the present. As we remember, Ochakov is a resort city, albeit a local one. Outside of Nikolayevshchina, little is known about him as a resort.
One of the beaches located within the city - Children's. The shooting took place in September last year, so few people.
Ochakov. Historical sketches here, cities, prince, monument, cathedral, also, Ochakovo, few, towers, time, which, the foundations, quite, Ochakovo, teams, therefore, places, served, Camp, Sudkovsky

The water near the banks of Ochakovo is not salty, like on the open sea, but brackish - here comes the drain from the Dnieper and the Southern Bug.
Ochakov. Historical sketches here, cities, prince, monument, cathedral, also, Ochakovo, few, towers, time, which, the foundations, quite, Ochakovo, teams, therefore, places, served, Camp, Sudkovsky

The main resort area lies further to the west, on a long spit called the Camp or Black Sea.From the north, the spit is washed by the shallow-water Beykushsky estuary and ends with a strait connecting the sea with one more estuary - the Berezansky. On the other side of the strait is the resort village of Rybakovka.
Ochakov. Historical sketches here, cities, prince, monument, cathedral, also, Ochakovo, few, towers, time, which, the foundations, quite, Ochakovo, teams, therefore, places, served, Camp, Sudkovsky

From the reviews of holidaymakers in Ochakovo and on the Camp Spit, it follows that the level of service of the local recreation centers remained around the nineties. Therefore, even for a budget holiday it is better to choose completely different places. About them - next time.
очаков. исторические зарисовки здесь, города, князь, памятник, собора, также, очакова, немного, башни, время, которых, основания, совсем, очакове, команды, поэтому, места, дослужившийся, лагерной, судковского

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