Regional component in the GEF educational program in the DOW and in the school
Preschool age is favorabletime for the formation of moral and patriotic feelings. Modern educational standards, which were introduced into the system of national preschool education, presuppose the allocation of a certain time to the variable part.
Regional component of the educational programThe DFG for the GEF is aimed at the formation of civic feelings in the younger generation, the accumulation of social experience. Teachers of preschool establishments continue to work at secondary schools.
The importance of the regional component in preschool education
Teachers of preschool education area responsible task - the upbringing of the younger generation of true patriots of their country. It is in the kindergarten that the youngsters lay the foundation for a respectful attitude to the traditions of their ancestors, pride in their small Motherland.
A regional component in the educationalprogram on GEF DOW allows teachers to acquaint children with the history of the place where they live. The events included in the program allow teachers to form in children a sense of responsibility to other people for their actions.
The purpose of introduction in preschool educational institutions
A regional component in the educationalthe GEF program is aimed at fostering emotional and spiritual values, a positive attitude towards the cultural traditions of peoples who live in the region, creating a tolerant attitude towards representatives of other nationalities.
The main objectives of the introduction of the regional component in the Dow:
- the formation of pride for their origin;
- creation of initial ideas about moral and spiritual values (compassion, love, patience, honor, dignity);
- education in the younger generation of interest in the moral and spiritual heritage of the ancestors;
- the formation of a sense of belonging to one's own country.
Features of use
A regional component in the educationalthe GEF program is one of the main means of socializing pre-school children. In the classes provided for by special regional programs, the children are introduced to the culture, history, nature of the native land.
When developing pourochnye plans, an activity approach is taken into account that promotes the active involvement of preschool children in independent activity.
Projects and personal research related tofamily traditions, cultural objects of the village (city), contribute to building individual educational trajectories, which fully meets the requirements of the new generation of GEF.
The regional component in the educational program for GEF involves the use of certain educational technologies and local history programs:
- a combination of different activities of preschoolers;
- the formation of conditions for the full self-realization of each child, taking into account his social experience, emotional and cognitive features;
- the application of methods and techniques that allow developing feelings and emotions.
A regional component in the educationalprogram on GEF in kindergartens involves studying the customs and traditions, the nature of the native land, the development of tolerance, social adaptation of the younger generation.
Depending on the characteristics of the region, inthe program includes special sections, in the study of which the kids begin to be proud of their edge. For example, preschoolers in the Arkhangelsk region have developed programs, the main aspect in which teachers make the uniqueness of the northern nature.
In the classroom, the children will learn about the history of the appearancePomor region, sights of the region, outstanding people of the Arkhangelsk region. Particular attention is paid to acquaintance of children with climatic and natural features of the region. In the classroom, preschool children learn about national parks operating in the Arkhangelsk region, the plant and animal world of the Pomor land.
Particular attention is paid to public holidays,traditions, national pomor suits. To conduct classes on the regional component, pre-school educational institutions are invited to the local history museums, national parks, libraries. As a result of social partnership, teachers of kindergartens manage to fully fulfill the social order - to form a harmoniously developed personality, loving their land, respectful for the customs and traditions of their ancestors.
Currently, there is a regional component in theeducational program for GEF. The elementary school continues its large-scale work related to the social adaptation of the younger generation of Russians. Each region uses its own educational programs that imply the implementation of the requirements of the GEF second generation.
What does the regional component mean ineducational program for GEF? The school has the right to independently determine the areas of activity, for example, specialize in studying the history of the native land, give preference to the plant and animal life of the region.
If there are military-patriotic classes in an educational institution, a course on the history of the Cadet movement can be chosen as a regional component.
A special place in involving schoolchildren in culturenative land is given in the capital. What is the regional component in the GEF educational program devoted to? Moscow is a model for imitation of Russian regions, since from the first class the children have a clear idea about the history and culture of the capital, interesting people who contributed to the development of the country's main city.
The experience of Moscow teachers is successfully broadcast to other regions. For example, in Vologda schools, children study the cultural heritage of Vologda, and Arkhangelsk children study the Pomorian capital.
New state standards suggestthe allocation of a certain number of hours in each academic discipline in grades 5-9. For example, a regional component in the GEF educational program in English suggests a story about the historical and cultural values of a city (village, village) in a foreign language.
During the lessons, the children not only replenish theirvocabulary with new foreign words, but also learn interesting information about their hometown. Among those tasks that are offered by the teacher of English, there can be descriptions of cultural or historical places of the city in a foreign language, videos about traditions and rituals. A regional component, supplemented by a project or research activity, will make it possible to form a feeling of pride in one's own country for the younger generation of Russians, to get an opportunity for self-realization and self-development.
How to properly use the regional component in the educational program for GEF? Biology, chemistry, geography, physics are subjects that are difficult to imagine without a local component.
When selecting materials for a regionalcomponent in each academic discipline, the teacher, first of all, focuses on the features of the region. For example, in the study of mammals in the course of biology, special attention is paid to those animals that are prevalent in this area. It is within the regional component that it will be appropriate to get acquainted with the plants and animals of your village and surrounding areas, which are considered endangered, included in the Red Book of the Russian Federation.
At chemistry lessons, special attention is given to thoseproduction, which function in the city, region, republic. For example, when studying the school course of inorganic chemistry, Vologda schoolchildren may not only theoretically consider the methods of obtaining and processing metals, but also organize an excursion to the Cherepovets metallurgical plant.
In each Russian region there is an industrialan enterprise that will help the chemistry teacher not only to form the theoretical basis for the children in the subject, but also to get an idea of the possible application of knowledge, that is, to promote students' self-realization, their choice of the future profession.
Developers of federal educationalstandards of the new generation paid special attention to the development of individual educational and developmental trajectories for every child of preschool and school age.
The allocation of study time to a regionalcomponent in different disciplines contributes to the formation of a harmoniously developed personality, patriotic education, as well as careful attitude to the cultural traditions of its region.
It is not necessary to assign individual lessons toregional component. For example, during a regular training session in chemistry, the teacher explains in detail how a chemical plant in the native land uses the chemical reactions discussed during the lesson. This approach to the use of the regional component makes it possible to rationally distribute the teaching time in the middle and senior levels.