Republic of Albania: Brief History and General Description
Republic of Albania- This is a small state, which is located on the Balkan Peninsula. For a long period of time, it was in international isolation, but now the local government is making a lot of efforts to create sustainable economic relations with Western European countries.
Albania attracts tourists with its distinctive atmosphere, clean beaches, low prices and rich archeological heritage of the times of ancient Rome, Greece and the Ottoman Empire.
The country is located in the west of the Balkan Peninsula. It is washed by the waters of the Ionian and Adriatic seas. The territory of the state is characterized mainly by mountainous terrain. Along with this, in the coastal areas there are deep fertile valleys.Republic of Albaniain the south-east it borders with Greece, and in the east and north - with Montenegro, Macedonia and Kosovo. By the strait of Otranto, the country is separated from Italy.The total area is about 28.7 thousand square kilometers. A temperate subtropical and Mediterranean type of climate prevails over the territory of the state. In summer it is always hot and dry here, and winters are wet and cool. Anyway, a great role in terms of weather is also played by the altitude of this or that region.
Administratively, the country is divided into 12 regions. The official currency of Albania is lek. Along with this, it is possible to pay in most shops, hotels and restaurants in dollars or euros at an acceptable rate.
The country has a very difficult fate. According to historical data, the first inhabitants in its present territory appeared in the second century BC. They were the Illyrians, whom the Greeks called the Albanians (hence the name of the state). During its existenceRepublic of Albaniarepeatedly suffered from invasions of foreign troops. Starting from the fifteenth century until independence in 1912, it was ruled by the Turks. In 1939 the country was occupied by Italian fascist troops, and in 1943 by Germany.
After the end of World War II, Communist leader Enver Hoxha seized power in Albania. He established a totalitarian regime for half a century.At that time, the state was isolated from all neighbors, and the locals did not have any true information about what was happening in the world. In 1991, the country was proclaimed a democratic republic.
Despite the fact that the ancient Romans and Greeks dominated the state in different periods,Albanian populationpreserved its ethnic primitiveness to the present day. According to the last census, the size of the state is just over 3.2 million. If we talk about the ethnic composition, then 95% of the inhabitants are Albanians. Besides them, the Greeks, Romanians, Macedonians, Serbs and Gypsies live here.
Urban residents account for slightly more than half the inhabitants of the country. A characteristic feature can be called the youth of the population. The age of every fourth Albanian is less than 20 years. This was the result of a demographic boom that began after the totalitarian regime of Hoxha fell. Long Turkish rule led to the fact that most of the population converted to Islam and profess it now.
The capital of Albania- the city of Tirana. It is the largest settlement of the country and plays the role of its political, commercial, cultural and economic center.The city is located 40 kilometers from the Adriatic coast on the banks of the small river Ishm. It was founded in 1614. In a short period of time, due to its favorable geographical position, Tirana became the center of the Albanian economy and art. As a result, since 1920, the city has the status of the administrative center of the country.
11 kilometers away is the only international airport in the country. Direct flights from our country do not fly here yet, so you can get to Albania through European cities (for example, Milan, Budapest or Vienna). As of todaythe capital of Albaniais a modern metropolis that boasts many historical sites.
Tourists are attracted to the country primarily by their rich archaeological heritage. Here are preserved historical monuments dating from different eras and created under the influence of several cultures. In addition, many travelers note beautiful mountain landscapes, clean beaches, hospitable people and relatively low prices for everything from food to real estate. In this regard, it is not surprising thatRepublic of AlbaniaFrom year to year it becomes popular among visitors from different parts of the world.