Scabies - how it looks (photo). Symptoms and treatment of scabies
An extremely contagious disease caused by a microscopic mite is commonly known as scabies. What this parasite looks like, very few people know. Itch pruritus has a small size - up to 0.35 mm. His body is characterized by an oval shape, on the legs are suckers. Parasitic under the skin only female individuals, the size of which is up to 400 microns. It is impossible to see such a tick with the naked eye. But there is a result of his work.
On average, the incubation period of this disease is up to 10 days. However, a rash may appear immediately after infection. After 10-14 days, new adult individuals begin to actively lay eggs under the skin. Such a female lives about a month. She lays several eggs a day. Males of scabies mites do not affect the disease. They are needed only for fertilization.
The mating process takes place on the skin, then the female penetrates the upper layers of the epidermis, laying eggs and waste products there.Thus, the disease progresses very quickly, so you need to get rid of it as soon as possible. Defeats with scabies mites are often confused with other pathologies. A distinctive feature of this particular disease is severe itching, especially at night.
The main types of ticks
In nature, there are over 50,000 species of ticks. However, the threat to the human body are only some of them. They cause various diseases, ranging from lung to the hardest, the result of which can be the death of the patient.
The most famous ticks dangerous to the human body:
- Encephalitis is the most dangerous type of tick. It is a carrier of a number of diseases. It also distributes encephalitis. This disease is often fatal.
- Ixodic - no less dangerous species. It is also a carrier of encephalitis.
- Argasov - feeds on human blood. Life expectancy up to 25 years. In the absence of a power source does not die, but hibernates. In this state can be up to 15 years. It is also a source of infection.
- Subcutaneous - he is Demodex, or iron. Found in 95% of people.Refers to opportunistic inhabitants of the human body. Begins to show its negative impact in periods of reduced immunity. Parasitic on the face and hair. May result in complete or partial baldness.
- Bed - does not live on the human body, but quite often lives on bed linen, blankets. It feeds on dead skin particles. It is not dangerous for a person, but it gives a lot of trouble to people with allergic reactions.
- Mange - penetrates the human skin, causing a particularly contagious disease called "scabies." What pathology looks like, not everyone knows. It is often confused with other skin ailments. Scabies has the appearance of a petty rash. Papules slightly rise above the skin. Most often they are found on the hands and feet, on the abdomen near the navel, and also on the inside of the thighs.
Stages of the life cycle of scabies mites
Itch mite belongs to the parasites of the arthropod family. Not an insect. Causes a human contagious disease - scabies. Once on the skin, adults mate, then the male member dies.The female, with the help of her paws, on which there are suckers, is attached to the skin and begins to make a passage through her teeth. There she creates a kind of tunnels, where periodically she lays eggs once a day. In the course of her journey she makes holes for air to enter the channel. As the eggs mature, the larvae leave their home through these openings. They feed on dead skin particles. As soon as the parasites reach puberty, they mate, forming a new offspring.
Varieties of the disease
Not everyone knows what scabies looks like in adults and children. It all depends on the stage in which it is located.
The disease has two forms:
Many people wonder what a typical mange scabies looks like. Diagnosing this form is not difficult even visually when describing the symptoms. The patient suffers from severe itching at night. On the skin can be clearly seen scabby grooves, they are also called moves.
With an atypical form all the more difficult. Such scabies is usually detected in persons who have come into contact with a sick person, whose symptoms were clearly pronounced.The second form of the disease, atypical, is conventionally divided into several types:
- Neat scabies. What this type of disease looks like, very few people know, since the symptoms are completely absent for a while. It is observed in individuals who are fanatical about cleanliness. Due to frequent washing, the itch mite is washed off the skin, which greatly complicates the diagnosis. Such a patient is very contagious and often he does not know about it.
- Scabies without moves. This form of the disease is observed in patients infected with tick larvae. This stage is primary in the process of the disease. People with this form of the disease need to know what scabies looks like. The initial stage is characterized by pruritus and rash with turbid, watery contents. Mangy moves will begin to appear after 14 days, when the individuals reach sexual maturity. Usually, the disease is detected in typical form.
- Norwegian scabies - the most dangerous and difficult to diagnose species. Manifested in people with reduced immunity. It is observed in individuals with HIV infection, endocrine disorders, as well as in oncology patients.
The last form of the disease is very easily confused with other skin ailments, which are either the result of scabies itself or are disguised as it. Norwegian scabies can be like:
- Dermatitis - occurs in the form of an allergic reaction to a scabies tick or to drugs with which the patient is treated. Symptoms include severe itching, redness and swelling.
- Scabious lymphoplasia is a rare form of scabies. In this form, instead of moves, papules are present, which remain on the skin for about a month after treatment. The disease is also accompanied by severe itching.
- Post-biological itching is more a result of scabies than the disease itself. It is characterized by severe itching after the end of treatment. The reason is not exactly clear. There is a suggestion that this may be an allergic reaction or psychological reasons.
In order to start treatment as early as possible, it is better to know in advance what scabies looks like. The photo clearly shows such lesions.
Symptoms of scabies
How does scabies in people, you need to know everyone. Diagnosis at an early stage allows you to avoid mass infection and quickly cope with the disease.The most common and pronounced manifestation is severe itching. It occurs as an allergic reaction to the waste products of ticks. The most obsessive itching becomes at night and evening. This is due to the behavior of the female tick. Later in the evening, her activity increases, and she begins to make moves under the skin of a person, sometimes depriving him of sleep.
The second characteristic symptom of scabies is the moves. The female tick makes its way, laying eggs in parallel. Above the nest, it creates a through hole so that the larvae can easily get out. Over time, when the skin peels off, small scratches will be visible at the site of the tunnels. Most often such moves are found on the hands and feet. The skin in these areas is thicker, so the process of regeneration itself will last much longer, which will allow the larvae to hatch unhindered.
As soon as morning comes, the activity of all female scabies mites greatly decreases. Itching becomes less pronounced. Beginning in the afternoon, activity gradually increases, and the process begins again.
Another characteristic feature of the scabies mite is the occurrence of papules. If scabies have been identified in the immediate environment, what this type of rash looks like, you just need to know. It can represent a single element filled with a clear liquid, or there can be many of such elements. Each pimple forms on the spot where the tick has penetrated under the skin. Old formations can heal, and at the place of penetration of young individuals arise again.
What scabies looks like:
- small papules appear on the skin, filled with liquid contents;
- there are small grooves on the legs and arms - moves;
- black dots appear between the fingers;
- skin in places of defeat is red and edematous.
Most often, the rash is localized:
- between the fingers;
- on the sides of the fingers;
- on the feet;
- on the inside of the thigh;
- on the belly around the navel;
- on the genitals;
- around the nipples.
Very often, patients are interested in what looks like scabies on their hands, feet, and stomach. How to recognize it? Regardless of the location of the rash is not visually different. With injuries to the arms and legs, typical strokes are visible, while in the rest of the skin they are usually not.
An itchy rash brings terrible discomfort to the patient, abrasions appear on the skin. Other diseases easily join with scabies:
Unfortunately, what looks like scabies on the body is very difficult to determine. Even with the similarity of symptoms, it is easily confused with other skin lesions.
For scabies characteristic:
- Purulent rash in the elbow area. Quite often, the crusts covering the damage have a red tint due to the admixture of blood.
- The appearance in the buttocks of the bloody formations.
- When palpating scabies moves, the skin seems to be compacted.
This is what scabies looks like. The symptoms of this disease are very similar to other skin diseases. Therefore, access to a doctor for such manifestations is necessary.
Scabies in children
Children's scabies is a very common parasitic skin disease. At risk are usually children from 3 to 7 years old who like to touch everything with their hands. Therefore, it is important to teach your child to regularly wash their hands with soap.
Many parents care about how scabies looks in children. Initially, papules with liquid form on the body.At later stages, so-called moves appear, which become visible after a while. They look like small scratches. Infection most often occurs in schools and kindergartens. Sick parents and relatives can also infect a child.
Scabies very quickly covers children's educational institutions. One sick child can infect everyone if the disease was not noticed on time. Therefore, quite often the nurse conducts a routine examination. She already knows how scabies on the feet, hands, belly and buttocks of babies look. The disease is common, so an experienced health worker will determine the disease even by eye. However, laboratory diagnosis is still required to confirm the diagnosis. In parallel, an examination of the scalp is carried out to exclude lice, which are no less infectious.
If a child is found in an educational institution, he is immediately sent to the hospital and reported to the sanitary-epidemiological station at the place of residence. The baby is sent to the laboratory to confirm the diagnosis. There is a scraping from the skin, and when a parasite is detected, appropriate therapy is prescribed.As a rule, for the treatment of scabies children prescribe these drugs:
The rest of the scabies are not used in pediatric practice.
In addition to the child, the treatment is carried out to the next of kin:
- brothers and sisters;
- mom and dad;
The rest of the people who had contact with the small patient should undergo treatment of the skin with special preparations. The same measures are carried out in the institution where the child was identified.
After successful treatment, all baby clothes, including bed linen, must be boiled. The same applies to toys.
Attending a school or kindergarten is prohibited until full recovery. Help from the hospital in this case is required. In order to start treating the disease as quickly as possible, you need to know visually what scabies looks like. The photo, which depicts such a defeat, will help you to always be on the alert.
Many of the people who somehow came across this disease are interested in what scabies looks like in cats. Is it different from human? Can I get infected from an animal? Most people think it can. In fact, it is not.The pathogens of scabies in humans and animals are different. There is only one way to transmit the parasite from pets. If a sick person strokes a cat or a dog, the tick may temporarily migrate to the surface of the animal's skin.
After a short period of time, the parasite will either die or search for a new habitat. If during this period the animal is stroked by another healthy person, then he has every chance of getting a disease. There are no other options for infection with scabies from animal to humans.
An experienced doctor will determine the typical form of scabies by eye. In addition, to make a diagnosis, a doctor needs to listen to the patient's complaints. Next, the patient is sent to the laboratory, where special tests are conducted:
- A slice from the affected area reveals a tick and its eggs.
- Skin scraping.
- Analysis using alkali solution.
- Investigation of the tick itself, which is obtained with a thin needle.
If a lot of ticks of different development are found in the analysis, then the diagnosis is confirmed.
As practice shows, scabies has no relapses.If it arises again, it means that there was a repeated contact with infected persons from the inner circle. For successful treatment it is necessary:
- After the end of therapy, change bed linen and clothes that had direct contact with the skin.
- The preparation for the treatment of scabies should be on the skin for at least 12 hours.
- Therapy is carried out in the evening, which is associated with the activity of the parasite.
- It is imperative to short-cut the nails, since there remains a large number of ticks and eggs. The nails are thickly lubricated with a healing agent.
- Treatment should be carried out under the supervision of a physician and adhere to the prescribed scheme.
- All persons who have had close contact with the patient should be prevented.
Scabies are treated with the following drugs:
- Sulfuric ointment.
- "Benzyl Benzoate".
What is the danger of scabies? Forecast
Scabies alone is not a dangerous disease. This is if it is detected in the early stages. If the entire body is affected and scratches appear, then there is a risk of a parallel occurrence of the infection. Then the treatment process is delayed. And if you turn to a doctor late in time, this can even lead to blood infection and death. In addition, scabies is extremely contagious.Tick is very easy to penetrate the skin of all family members and others. In the absence of parallel diseases, the prognosis is favorable.
Most people believe that the disease is associated with inadequate personal hygiene. In fact, the mite doesn’t care where it is. Moreover, skin that is too clean makes diagnosis difficult, and scabies goes unnoticed for some time. At the same time, the patient is already contagious, and those who have contact with him also suffer. If scabies is found in someone, the doctor must immediately inform the local sanitary and epidemiological station. All persons living with the patient are also treated with special drugs. People who might have contact with the patient are given prophylactic treatment of the skin. At the end of treatment, all underwear that had contact with the source of infection must be changed. Then it undergoes boiling, in which the itch mite dies. Some sources claim that it is necessary to process the entire apartment. The benefits of this procedure have not been proven due to the short duration of life of individuals outside the human body.
Treatment of scabies folk remedies
For the treatment of this disease folk remedies are no less effective. The only drawback is that such therapy takes longer. The most popular folk recipes for dealing with scabies mites:
- Take the usual chalk, rub it on a grater, sift through a sieve. This dust is applied to the whole body every evening. The next morning you can wash. The treatment is carried out until scabies pass.
- Mix chicken droppings and tar in a 1: 1 ratio. In the evening, this mixture is applied to the affected areas, and washed off in the morning. Repeat the procedure until complete recovery.
- Take 8 kilograms of salt, pour boiling water and insist 30 minutes. The contents are then poured into a hot water bath (about 38 degrees). It takes about an hour to bathe in this solution. Wiping is not recommended. The procedure is repeated every evening until the symptoms disappear.
- Take 1 teaspoon of pharmacy turpentine and a tablespoon of fat. The ingredients are mixed. Every evening, the affected areas are regularly lubricated with this compound until the disease passes.