Sheksna River: description, source, estuary, tributaries. What fish is found in the Sheksna River?
Russia is great country
There are many river systems in it.
There are huge, big -
There are small at all.
The pool of three huge oceans replenish the rivers of the Russian Federation. Many of them are very famous. There are less familiar names, but having a huge role in the country's water system. Do you know where the river Sheksna? It is for her to go to the Onega and Ladoga Lake, Peter. This small river is striking in its high water, breadth and picturesque banks.
What system comes out and where does it go from
The famous Volga River has many tributaries, one of them (on the left side) is the glorious Sheksna River. She is in the Volgograd region. The river connects the Volga with a very important reservoir - the White Lake. What is this miracle of nature? It is there that the source of Sheksna, the pearl of the Volga-Baltic waterway, is located.It has an area of 1290 square km. The peculiarity of the White Lake is that 17 small rivers flow into it, and only Sheksna flows out.
Many are interested in where the river Sheksna flows? This place is a huge reservoir on the Volga River called Rybinsk. In the people it is called the sea, as the size of it is impressive. In addition to Sheksna, Mologa flows here, the lower branching of the Courts, Konoma, Yagorba, the Big Bug and others.
Characteristics of the river
Many have heard of a place like Poshekhonye. So that's exactly the name of the coast of Sheksna. In the middle of the 20th century, it was 395 km long, but since then its size has been reduced three times. In addition, some of its sections are flooded with Rybinsk and Sheksninsky reservoirs. To date, the length of Sheksna 139 km. On the one hand is the village Sheksna, on the other - the city of Cherepovets.
In December, the river freezes, and in April the ice begins. Two large hydroelectric complexes were built on Sheksna: the Rybinsk and Sheksninsk hydroelectric stations.
Rich history and meaning of the name
According to the main version, the name of the Sheksna River is of Baltic origin. In the language of the Baltic peoples, it means "colorful." Since this name originated in the pre-Slavonic period, there are other versions of its interpretation.It is believed that the people used to call it Shekhna, from which the concept of Poshekhonye came. The Ugric origin of the word "shanges" means "sleeve." The ancient written sources mention such river names as: Shoksna, Shekhna, Sheksna, Shoksna, Shokstna.
In the 10th century, the old Russian town of Beloozero was formed at the headwaters of the Sheksna. Today it is called Belozersk. At the location of the old city is constantly being excavated and research. Where Sheksna flows into the Volga, there used to be a settlement of merchants and craftsmen (Ust-Sheksna), now there is the city of Rybinsk. Not far away there is the settlement Krutik known since the X century. The waters of this particular river took the life of Dmitry Ivanovich, who was the heir of Ivan VI.
Sheksna is a very winding river. Near its shores admire the magnificent flood meadows. The river has a rather strong inclination, therefore its waters rush rather quickly. For many centuries, charcoal producers have worked on the shores of Sheksna, and iron ores are also present in it.
There are few villages and villages near the river, it is associated with flooding and floods. On the coastal swamps there were a lot of ducks, snipe, snipe, goavers.
Tributaries of the Sheksna River
20 small rivers flow into the Sheksna River. On the left side, the 4 km Churovka flows into it, it is the smallest tributary. Following it in size follow: Bozhai, Churova, Ulom, Irdomka, Kameshnitsa, Lagmach. The long tributary on the right is the Kovzha (47 km). On the left side 50-kilometer rivers flow into Sheksna: Gnilukha, Sizma, Kishma, Slavyanka. In addition to rivers, it is joined by the Kychenovo stream and two canals: the Severo-Dvinsky and Belozersky. The longest tributaries of the Sheksna are: Pidma, Borodava, Ponzha, Kargach. Their length is over 100 km. On the right side of the river is filled with the waters of Gremikha, Uzboyka, Ryabinki, Nizdoboki. Shosh, Slavyanka fall on the left side.
Freight and tourist routes
It is necessary to say about the transport value of Sheksna. The river connects the central regions of Russia with the north-western lakes, is a part of the Volga-Baltic water system. At the beginning of the 19th century, Sheksna and Sukhona were connected by the North Dvina Canal. At that time, only it was possible to get into the White Sea from the Volga. The cities of Vologda and Cherepovets for many years used the ship transport of passengers on Sheksna. Passenger tourist ships on the river can be seen often, as there passes the river route from Moscow to St. Petersburg.The five most popular stops are passenger ships on Sheksna: Cherepovets, Sheksna, Goritsy, Kuzino, Irma. Short rides on a motor ship are regularly organized from Cherepovets, there is no regular passenger service.
Freight traffic on Sheksna moves regularly. Scrap metal is transported from the Moscow Region for the Cherepovets Metallurgical Plant. Often ships transport the products of the Severstal plant to St. Petersburg. Oil, sand, granite, gravel, wood and grain are also transported along this river.
What fish is found in the Sheksna River
In the first half of summer, pike, large perch and zander are caught in Sheksna. In August, fishermen begin to catch white fish, the representative of which is bream. In the morning dawn off the coast of Sheksna, you can see a lot of fishermen. The most experienced of them catch here soms, lines, ides, and crickets. Some were lucky to catch asp here, sabrefish. Crucians and rudd are the most common fish found in Sheksna. White eyes, elbows, chubs can also occur.
Impact on culture
The first mention of Sheksna was still in the "Tale of Bygone Years".In the famous bike "About pike-toothed" and the song of Alexander Bashlachev "Egorkina Valley" is also present the name of the river.
In 1964, the Volga-Baltic Canal was built, and therefore the level of White Lake and Sheksna rose significantly. This led to the flooding of the nearby villages from which the inhabitants had left. In one such abandoned place remained the Church of the Nativity of Christ (Krokhino). In the photo above you can see this unique monument of the XVIII century. Today, a project is being implemented to preserve and revive this temple, in which our ancestors have invested their work. This project was supported by the famous journalist Leonid Parfyonov and proposed to establish a lighthouse on this site.
Another attraction on the Sheksna River is the Goretsky Monastery of the Resurrection. This monument is of federal importance, it was founded in the XVI century by Princess Efrosinya Staritskaya. This convent consists of 3 stone churches, as well as household and residential buildings. Today the church is inactive and requires restoration work.
On the right bank of the Sheksna River there is a small village of Kargulino, there are only 23 inhabitants in it. It amazes with its wonderful views.
Cherepovets cable-stayed bridge
In Cherepovets there is a unique structure. There, in 1979, a cable-stayed bridge was built across the Sheksna River. "Shielded" means - hanging on cables, hanging. This design is a candidate for "Wonders of Russia".
The supporting pillars of the bridge (pylons) support a structure that has an impressive weight. Pylons attached to steel cables. According to this construction, one can judge the width of Sheksna, because the bridge is considerably long and is 781 m. A similar structure is found only in Germany. A similar bridge was built across the Rhine River in Cologne. In severe frosts (above 30 ° C), traffic on the bridge over the Sheksna stops for security reasons.
Steel cables for the bridge were made in Volgograd, and the construction itself is completely made of metal. Cherepovets cable-stayed bridge is wide enough, it has 6 car lanes. For the support, one main pylon is taken (it can be seen in the photo above), which has the shape of the letter A. The height of this support is 83.5 m. In general, all the guys weigh over 500 tons. Cherepovets Metallurgical Plant was engaged in the manufacture of parapet fencing. The grille for the fence is made in the style of the Vologda lace ornament.Young couples regularly leave "lock of happiness" on the fence of the bridge on their wedding day. This is how this bridge glorifies the glorious Sheksna even more.