Siege. What is the siege and when was it applied?
The article describes what a siege is, when such a method of warfare is used, types of sieges and their advantages with shortcomings are examined.
In ancient times, a siege was often used. What is the siege and why was it used? We'll figure it out.
About this method of warfare, or rather, the enemy's death, I've heard, probably, everyone, and especially fans of books about the Middle Ages. But first things first.
People have always fought since the times whenOur ancestors looked like modern humans very distantly. Alas, little has changed since then, except that some methods of waging wars and their means have changed.
With the development of a normal civilized societya new kind of war gradually emerged, which was called siege. After all, with the construction of large cities, castles and fortresses, their masters first of all thought about defensive abilities, since in those days, for the most part, there was no centralized power and regular army, and the inhabitants or "masters" of the principalities and provinces had to take care of their own security and wait for such a nuisance as a siege. What is the siege, how it occurs, and what kinds of species it is, we will analyze in detail.
According to the encyclopedia, the siege is a military ortactical method, the meaning of which is the blockade of the city, fortress or other territory with the aim of storming or the depletion and destruction of the garrison after the waste of all supplies.
In the Middle Ages, the possession of a fortressit meant a lot, but it had to be captured first. Their owners understood this perfectly, and therefore they practically constantly improved their defense-they dug moats and water, built strong lifting bridges, installed towers on the walls with loopholes for crossbowmen, prepared a reserve of stones for throwing, etc. Naturally, they threw troops on a well-fortified object unwise, and then, the enemy often resorted to such an act as a siege. What is meant by this term? In simplified terms, it is simply the encirclement of a fortress or other object and reinforcement in positions with further waiting for a suitable moment for the assault.
But sometimes it took several months to wait,before the defenders run out of supplies, and the half-dead defender will still be able to throw stones on his head or pour out boiling tar, so various siege weapons have gradually been invented. For example, catapults effectively destroyed live power on walls, and large and protected from stones and arrows battered the gate. So now we know what a siege is, the definition of this word became clearer.
But gradually, since the time of the Napoleonicwars, the role of the siege lost its importance. It is dangerous to wait for several months at the gates of someone else's fortress or city, because during that time the rest of the enemy's troops could come up, or the whole course of the war could have changed - long-standing protracted battles were left behind. In addition, an enormous role was played by the improvement of artillery. Defenders could from a distance to destroy the enemy's soldiers, and the latter - and completely destroy the fortress. So now we know what a siege is, the meaning of this word is treated unambiguously.
Current state of affairs
Currently, the siege as such appliesvery rarely, but of the most famous cases, it is probably worth recalling the blockade of Leningrad and Stalingrad during the Great Patriotic War. The purpose of the siege was exactly the same as in the Middle Ages - to deplete the defenders and seize power in besieged cities with minimal losses.
So now we know the meaning of the word "siege". What is a siege and what is the role of this maneuver in ancient wars is known to every attentive reader.