Spiritual culture as a symbiosis of spiritual activity and its results
Spiritual culture is a complex that includesits composition is smaller components: a legal and cognitive culture, moral and physical, religious and aesthetic. Forming from the time of the emergence of society, spiritual culture, according to researchers, was oriented at least two tasks. The first is the preservation of the integrity of the society (society). The second is the comprehension of the general laws of being.
Today, sociologists define the spiritual cultureas a kind of program that forces people to perceive reality in a certain light, to evaluate events and actions in a biased way, guided by the usual attitudes. Within a single culture, images are closely related,principles of behavior, words, evaluation.
It often happens that what is in one cultureis considered dishonorable, in the other it can be a sign of disposition or traditional behavior. For example, at one time there was a "right of the first night" for certain peoples, which in other countries was regarded as an insult.
All the components of spiritual culture are non-material and manifest indirectly.
Spiritual culture is language, norms, rituals, traditions, laws, works of art, rituals, folk and artistic creativity.
Intermediaries of this non-material concept are different objects, for example, books, paintings, folk costumes, songs, etc.
Spiritual culture is a dynamic andconnected directly with the concept of spiritual production. This process is nothing more than the ability to carry out a person's activity, realizing his creative abilities. It awakens in a person the concept of personality, develops and forms it, helps to acquire positive personal qualities.
It is impossible to confuse the erudition, education withthe concept of "spiritual culture". A person can read a lot of literature, learn dozens of languages, but at the same time not a single step to advance in their own spiritual development, not to become capable of meaningful and responsible deeds and deeds.
It can be argued that spiritual culture istandem of spiritual activity and its results. It should be manifested in the daily life of an individual and a whole society, reflected in his way of life, attitudes.
Elements of spiritual culture are numerous:
- Language.The initial method of representing the world, a meansexistence and the highest form of folk culture. Language is one of many manifestations of the objectification of thought, which is then reflected in signs and symbols, in oral and written forms.
- Beliefs.Recognition of truths without their verification and confirmation.
- Customs.This is the so-called repetitive, standard,Formed for a long time, but unconscious forms of behavior. They reflect the specific features of the life of a certain group: religious, ethnic, age, family, etc.
- Norms that are conditioned by customs.They are divided into moral, economic, political, and so on.
- Values.A complex product, synthesized from customs,normative attitudes, interests of people and needs. They can be transient and eternal, on which the entire universe is based. Scientists share values on the vital, social, religious, and so on.