Tell me please the definition of terms subject of knowledge and the object of knowledge ...

Tell me please the definition of terms subject of knowledge and the object of knowledge ...

  1. The World Wisdom
  2. I do not remember the exact term, but the subject is the cognizing one, and the object is the cognizable (something like that :)))))))
  3. The subject and object of knowledge

    Any activity as a specifically human form of man's active relation to the world is the interaction of the subject and the object. The subject is the bearer of material and spiritual activity, the source of activity directed at the object. The object is that which opposes the subject, and what his activity is directed at. In contrast to objective reality, the object is only that part of it that is included in the activity of the subject.

    In the process of development of social relations, cognitive activity is distinguished from material, practical activity, acquires relative independence; the subject object acts as the relation of the subject and object of knowledge.

    The subject of cognition is the carrier of cognitive activity, the source of activity directed at the object. The object of cognition is what the cognitive activity of the subject of cognition is directed at. For example, the planet Neptune, existing as an objective reality since the time of the solar system, becomes an object of cognition only after its discovery (1846): its distance from the Sun, the period of revolution, equatorial diameter, mass, remoteness from the Earth and other characteristics were established.

    In different philosophical doctrines, the subject and the object of cognition are treated differently. In materialism XVII XVIII centuries. the object was considered as something that exists independently of the subject, but the subject as an individual, passively perceiving the object. This position is characterized by contemplation. In idealistic systems, the subject acted as an active, creative one; the subject was understood to be either an individual consciousness that created the object in the form of combinations (complexes) of sensations (the teachings of Berkeley, Hume, empirio-criticism), or the extra-human subject God, the world mind, creative and knowing reality. In Hegel's system, for example, the initial position of which is the identity of thinking and being, the absolute idea (objective thinking) turns out to be both the subject and the object of cognition.

    There is a theory of objectless cognition, put forward by K. Popper. This theory is based on his teaching about the third world: the first world is the physical world of the world of physical states, the second psychic world, the world of states of consciousness, the third world is the world of scientific knowledge, the world of objective content of thinking. The third world, according to Poper, is theoretical systems, problems, arguments, knowledge contained in books, journals, etc. The third world delves into the interaction of the physical and mental worlds, its premise is the language that turns the world of objective content of thinking into subjective spirit, existing independently of the first and second world.

    Since the third world exists independently, and the knowledge contained in it is objective, does not depend on the subject, the subject is excluded from cognitive activity. Cognition is subjectless.

    In Popper's theory an important problem is posed: if knowledge depends on the subject, it can not be objective, and if it is objective, then it is necessary to abandon the subject. This problem can be considered as a problem of interaction between an individual and a public subject. Ideas and theories acquire an independent existence in the sense that they cease to belong to the people who nominated them. They become the property of society (the theory of Darwin, Einstein, etc.). But does this give grounds for excluding the subject from cognition?
    link is blocked by the decision of the project administration

  4. The type of object, as an inanimate object, is passive. Table-object.
    The subject-living, influences the process of cognition, with him personally and his features must be considered. Man and as an object, and as a subject are treated. Of course, as a subject of cognition, it is better.
  5. The subject - who knows - the person; object - what they learn - the world around us.

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