They did not teach at school. Space. Explain
They did not teach at school. Space. Explain
- Koreans in Russia lived from the 19 century (I remember this from childhood, we had a whole Korean village in the city, a Siberian city). And in school, Koreans studied, already in the fourth generation in Russia. 🙂 By the way, we bought milk from Koreans at the bazaar, there was not a damn thing in the shops. Frozen in circles, the frost was up to 45 degrees. 🙂 And summer vegetables too.
if interested, then read: the link is blocked by the decision of the administration of the project
Judging by this article, the first settlement appeared in the Far East in 1864 year. I now think that in Russia we could never work on the normal, but there was a lot of land. In Korea - exactly the opposite.
Again from my memories (true, I was 5-7 years): Koreans did not drink. That is - did not drink at all, except on holidays. And among "our" everyone had enough. Not very pleasant ...
And in Central Asia, mostly fell as a result of Stalin's deportation in 30-X and 40-x years of the 20 century.
Here: The decision to evict all Koreans from the border areas and to send them to Central Asia was made by the Central Committee of the CPSU (b) and the Council of People's Commissars 21 in August 1937 (directive 1428-326бсс). For the first time in Soviet history, belonging to a particular ethnic group in itself became a sufficient basis for punishment. In addition, the eviction was preceded by terror, fierce even by the standards of 1937. During repression, party leaders advanced in the post-revolutionary years were almost completely killed, almost all Koreans officers died in prisons, the entire Korean section of the Comintern and most Koreans who had higher education were destroyed. The relocation itself took place in the fall of 1937. Koreans were given the minimum time to collect things, and then they loaded into prepared trains, according to 5-6 families, into a freight car. In these carriages for transporting livestock, 170 thousands of Koreans from the Far East moved to a new residence in Central Asia. Echelons arrived there at the beginning of winter 1937-38. The first winter had to be spent in hastily built dugouts in which many children and old people died (a third of all babies did not survive that terrible winter)
- and by the way in the school, mostly excellent students and drummers ... do not learn badly .... yes in Kazakhstan it is full ... even already in kinship there is ...
- Earlier, all about the appearance of Koreans in the territory of Russia reported in his report on the case lieutenant Vasily Ryazanov. This was the very first official information about this unexpected fact. In 18631866, Ryazanov commanded the 4 company of the 3-line battalion of Eastern Siberia in the Novgorod post, now the Posyet port. At the same time, he was the head of the post itself, carrying out here the fullness of the military-administrative authority.
In September 1864, on the basis of the report of the lieutenant Ryazanov, his memorandum was compiled by the correcting post of the inspector of the linear battalions of Eastern Siberia, Colonel Fdor Oldenburg. On the appearance of Koreans in Russian limits, he informed the military governor of the Primorsky Region, Admiral Petra Kazakevich: the commander of this company told me that 14 families among 65 souls of both sexes moved from Korea in January of this year to the Primorsky region, built fanzes in versts 15 from the post Novgorod, successfully engaged in gardening, agriculture and promise to be quite useful owners of 1 in their diligence.
This was the basis of the first non-military settlement in the South Ussuri region with the name Tizinhe. In less than a year, the first harvest of corn, millet, barley, and vegetables was removed in the valley of the Tizinhe River (now the Vinogradnaya River). At the same time, Korean peasants helped the Russian military to make a multi-pouched stock of buckwheat. Buckwheat in full seed, sped on and at a fair price, than are satisfied with both sides, Lieutenant Ryazanov informed the quartermasters in Vladivostok post.
A year later in the neighborhood, in the valley of the river of the same name, the Korean village of Yanchihe appeared. Today it is the village of Tsukanovo on the bank of the Tsukanovka River. Soon, on the shores of Adimi, Sideemi and Mangugai, reformed in 1972 in Poimu, Narva and Barabashevka, new Korean settlements began to arise, and they did not have time to put them on the map.
Korean commoners phnmins in the full sense of the word fled from their country. They fled from crop failures and famine that lasted for several years. They fled from landlessness and unsustainable ghetto feudal lords, Yanban, from the oppression of von insatiable and ruthless officials. If the Korean defectors, and that remained, it is only life.
And they risked to the full: either the pan, or disappeared, because attempts to leave Korea were punishable by death. This is how the feudal self-isolation of the country manifested itself in the era of the Li dynasty (13921910 years
This article can be read here in detail.
Or find a search for the article by Vyacheslav Shipilov, "Where did the Koreans go from in Russia?" The magazine "Rodina"
- Koreans moved to the Russian Far East in two waves in the second half of the XIX - early XX century. The first wave of resettlement was triggered by the 1869 flood in Korea of the year, the second wave is associated with the annexation of Korea by Japan in 1910.
According to the census of 1897, there were 26 thousand Koreans living in the Russian Empire, incl. in the Primorsky region - 24,3 thousand, in the Amur region - 1,6 thousand. In 1926, in the USSR there were already 87 thousand Koreans, incl. 84,9 thousand - in the Far Eastern Territory; in 1937 - 168,3 thousand, incl. in the Far Eastern Territory - 165,2 thousand.
In 1937, due to the deterioration of Soviet-Japanese relations, Koreans, as unwelcome, were evicted from the Far East and deported to Kazakhstan and Central Asia. According to the census 1939, the Koreans in the USSR were 182,3 thousand, incl. in Kazakhstan - 96,5 thousand, in Uzbekistan - 72,9 thousand, in the RSFSR - 11,5 thousand
After the Russo-Japanese War 1904-1905 years. the southern part of Sakhalin became part of Japan. During the 2 World War, the Japanese mass exported Koreans from Korea to Sakhalin, where they used them to build fortifications. In 1945, Southern Sakhalin entered the USSR, while the Japanese left for their historical homeland, and the deported Koreans chose to stay in place and become Soviet citizens. Thus, the third wave of resettlement of Koreans to Russia took place.
In 1959, there were 313,7 thousand Koreans in the USSR, of which in Uzbekistan - 138,5 thousand, in Kazakhstan - 74,0 thousand, in the RSFSR - 91,4 thousand, incl. on Sakhalin - 42,3 thousand, in other regions of the Far East - 25,8 thousand.