Timing when scooping gladioli and how to store them in winter
Gladiolus - flower, also called the sword. Favorite decoration of flower beds, gardens and even window sills. Interestingly, this popularity is not always accompanied by a plant.
During the time of ancient Greece (300 BC), gladiolus was considered a weed plant and was actively removed from wheat fields.
The ancient Romans, by contrast, valued these flowers, actively decorating their gardens of patricians. Today, growing gardeners are interested in growing more and more gardeners.
When digging gladioli and how to store flowers, you will learn today by reading this article.
How to prepare the bulbs for planting
Corm gladiolus pre-cleaned for 21-28 days before landing in the ground. Dense covering scales are robbed, making sure that the shoots are not damaged. Damaged planting material is removed due to unsuitability. If tubers are diseased, then landings are not suitable. In gardening, use only those that are slightly affected by sclerotinia or scab. In this case, the focus is cut, and the damaged area is carefully worked out with green paint.
Peeling off scales and processing slices of gladiolus bulbs, the tubers are spread with a sprout upward and stored in a warm, well-lit room until the sprout is turned.
If you do not know when to dig up gladioli and how to store tubers, then remember that the quality of the material and the period of saving depend on the nature of the soil and the additional processing of gladioli. The bulbs are treated with disinfectants to prevent thrips and fungi.
Features processing bulbs
Each tuber is dipped in a 0.3% solution of potassium permanganate and left alone for 60-120 minutes. Alternatively, you can use the foundation (0.3%), in which gladioli hold no more than 1 hour.
Remember! Conducting the treatment immediately before planting, the bulbs are soaked in a solution of potassium permanganate (in a ratio of 0.5 g of potassium permanganate per 1 liter of water) and kept for 30 minutes. After the onion time, without rinsing, planted in a flower bed.
Preparing kids for boarding
Children of gladioli also need to be prepared for a change in environment. Two weeks before planting, kidneys are taken in a diameter of not less than 7 mm (it can be taken smaller if the gladiolus variety is not large) and pronounced root tubercles. The hard shell is removed.The material, laid out in cardboard boxes, is placed in warmth under moderate diffused light, creating an environment that is favorable for germination.
Sprouted babies are disinfected by placing in a solution of potassium permanganate (1 g per 1 liter of water) for 9-10 hours.
Rules for planting gladioli
To figure out how to properly dig and store gladioli, the first step is to understand how to grow gladioli correctly. Observing the rules, due to the biological characteristics of plants, and planting flowers on the bright warm part of the flower bed, you can grow flowers of unsurpassed beauty, as in the picture.
Among the requirements for cultivation - the correct selection of soil. It is better if it is slightly acidic black earth, light loam or sandy loam with a pH of 6.5-6.8. This structure is easy to recreate if the type of soil does not match. For this, sand is introduced into heavy loam, and clay is introduced into sandy soil. Additionally, humus and rotten compost are added to enhance the nutritional value of the soil.
The best time for planting, as noted by flower growers, is from late April to mid-May, although the climate and the weather always makes its own adjustments.
For large bulbs, the optimal embedding depth is 10-15 cm, for small bulbs - 8-10 cm. The first ones are planted at a distance of 15 cm, the second - up to 8 cm. Between the rows, it is customary to retreat by 20-25 cm.
How to care for gladiolus
Planted gladioli require careful maintenance. The bed is mulched after the seedlings get a little stronger and reach a height of 9 cm. For this purpose, humus is used, which is applied in a layer up to 5 cm. Such a coating will help protect the soil from excessive evaporation of moisture and overheating. Humus additionally feeds the bulbs with useful elements and minerals during watering.
Gladiolus is watered once a week at dawn or late in the evening with plenty of water up to 12 liters per 1 m2. It is better to pour water into the interfacial furrows up to 5 cm deep. At the same time, it is worth careful to ensure that water droplets do not fall on the gladiolus leaves.
Subsequently, the soil is loosened to a depth of 5 cm in order to prevent the formation of a crust, and gladioli spud. The beds are loosened once a decade (regardless of rainfall) until the time when it comes time to dig gladioli in the fall. When to do this, read on.
Weeding is an essential part of caring for gladioli. It is carried out as needed.
Feeding gladiolus during cultivation
Mineral fertilizers are usually applied at different stages of flower growth.
The first feeding.Nitrogen complex introduced at the stage of formation of the first leaves. Ammonium sulfate, ammonium nitrate, urea in the proportion of 25 g per 1 m will be suitable for fertilizer2.
The second feed. Nitrogen-potassium phosphate. Submitted after the appearance of the 6th leaf of the flower. For feeding use superphosphate, ammonium sulfate, potassium sulfate in the calculation of 15 g of substance per 1 m2.
The third dressing. Potassium phosphate. It is applied immediately before the budding of gladioli. With the advent of the peduncle, 25-30 g of superphosphate or potassium chloride are introduced.
How to cut gladioli
If you know when to dig up gladioli and how to store flowers, then the knowledge or even the practical skill that precedes this procedure is the cutting of gladioli. This, too, must be able to do right.
Gladioli cut off with a sharp knife in the evening or early at dawn so that the rest of the peduncle remains deeply hidden between the remaining foliage. The remaining (at least four) leaves provide further growth and balanced development of corm.
When digging gladiolus and how to store the bulbs
At the end of the blooming of gladioli, they wait 4-6 weeks and only then begin to dig out the bulbs. Approximately this period falls on the middle of September.It is possible to determine that the corms are already ripe, by dense scaly covering of not only the tubers, but also of the babies, which, in turn, are easily separated from the parent gladiolus bulb.
When to dig and store onions is an important question. Take planting material in dry weather. First, dig early varieties, then - later, in the last turn - small bulbs and kids.
Before collecting, you can mow stalks, or you can leave this work for later and cut them off after the bulbs have been dug out of the ground. Roots are also subject to pruning. Processed gladioli shake off the ground and gently separate the kids.
To save flowers until spring, until the next disembarkation, it is worth exploring when to dig and how to store the children of gladioli.
Corms are stored in specially prepared boxes with a grid or mesh bottom, and then washed under running water.
Important! It is better not to mix different varieties of gladioli. Store each one in a hotel drawer.
Before storing the dug bulbs of gladioli, the material is disinfected. To do this, the tubers are immersed in a 1% solution of foundationol and kept for 25 minutes.After preparation, it is re-washed, treated with 3% solution of potassium permanganate and left to dry for 48 hours.
For long-term storage, gladiolus is folded into cardboard or plastic boxes covered with paper and stored indoors with a temperature of 25 or more.aboutC, but not higher than 30aboutC, from time to time turning the bulbs. Two weeks later, the temperature is reduced to +18 ... + 22aboutFROM.
After 4-5 weeks from the beginning of storage, the corms are thoroughly cleaned and begin to sort. In preparation for the next landing, the top dirty and flaky scales are removed, separating the children.
Children are first sorted by grades and sizes: large - from 0.8 cm in diameter, medium - about 0.6 cm, small - up to 0.6 cm. After that, the children are laid out on paper and stored at a temperature not higher than +10aboutFROM.
Important! Storing tubers at higher temperatures is dangerous! This can lead to a loss of germination. If you live in an apartment, you can keep the gladiolus kids all winter in the fridge.
How to store gladiolus in the cold season
The period of natural rest of gladiolus is from 35 to 40 days. This period is characterized by absolute calmness - corms do not germinate even under the most favorable conditions.But as soon as this time passes, the gladiolus begins to revive, even though the landing time has not yet come. How to store gladiolus in winter and prevent premature germination?
Temperature optimum for preservation of bulbs +5 ... + 10aboutC, humidity - 60-70%. The best place to store in a private house is a basement, the apartment has a fridge with no frost technology.
Better if the cellar is well ventilated. Reservoirs with a mesh bottom, which provides good air circulation, allow corms to breathe freely. The boxes are kept on the shelves - it is convenient and economical.
Features storage of gladioli in the refrigerator
When stored in the refrigerator, keep the tubers on the bottom shelf, folding them into airtight containers. This will help prevent dehydration of gladioli. Before placing the bulbs in a container, be sure to wrap them in paper. With the approach of spring, the tubers begin to "breathe." During this moisture is released, because the kids better get out of the fridge and dry. After that, wrapped in a clean and dry paper, back on the shelf, but higher, in a cooler place.
Now you know when to dig up gladioli in the fall and how to store babies during the winter. Having provided corm with proper care, by the spring you will get a fairly healthy and viable planting material, ready for cultivation in the open field. As a result, your flowerbed will delight with the riot of paints of blooming gladioli throughout the future flowering season.