Trier Cathedral - the oldest church in Germany
26.05.2018 think-head

Trier Cathedral - the oldest church in Germany

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You'd be surprised, but one of the oldest churches in the world is not in Italy, Greece or Egypt, but in distant Germany, also in one of the oldest cities of this country - in Trier. By happy coincidence, it was here that 15 centuries later Karl Marx was born.
Trier Cathedral - Germany’s oldest church cathedral, is located, Holy, Cathedral, Temple, Christ, Altar, Mother of God, foundation, Church, city, relics, Trier, middle, Queen, Helen, gave, head, Helen, Saint

The cathedral was founded in 320 by Emperor Constantine literally a couple of years after permission to practice Christianity in the empire. For the construction of the future temple, Queen Helen gave her palace, the remains of which lie at the base of the temple. First, Bishop Agritus built the first basilica, then episcomp Maximin rebuilt the temple, at the base of which there were already 4 basilicas. Unfortunately, in the 9th century, the Normans severely damaged the temple, turning it into ruins. However, in 1196 it was rebuilt already in the Romanesque style, in this form we can see it in our days. Only in the XVIII century, the cathedral was decorated with baroque elements that are very different against the rest of the temple. Since 1986, the cathedral has been protected by UNESCO.
Trier Cathedral - Germany’s oldest church cathedral, is located, Holy, Cathedral, Temple, Christ, Altar, Mother of God, foundation, Church, city, relics, Trier, middle, Queen, Helen, gave, head, Helen, Saint

Trier Cathedral - Germany’s oldest church cathedral, is located, Holy, Cathedral, Temple, Christ, Altar, Mother of God, foundation, Church, city, relics, Trier, middle, Queen, Helen, gave, head, Helen, Saint

Square in front of the Cathedral of Trier
Trier Cathedral - Germany’s oldest church cathedral, is located, Holy, Cathedral, Temple, Christ, Altar, Mother of God, foundation, Church, city, relics, Trier, middle, Queen, Helen, gave, head, Helen, Saint

Trier Cathedral - Germany’s oldest church cathedral, is located, Holy, Cathedral, Temple, Christ, Altar, Mother of God, foundation, Church, city, relics, Trier, middle, Queen, Helen, gave, head, Helen, Saint

Trier Cathedral - Germany’s oldest church cathedral, is located, Holy, Cathedral, Temple, Christ, Altar, Mother of God, foundation, Church, city, relics, Trier, middle, Queen, Helen, gave, head, Helen, Saint

Altar
Trier Cathedral - Germany’s oldest church cathedral, is located, Holy, Cathedral, Temple, Christ, Altar, Mother of God, foundation, Church, city, relics, Trier, middle, Queen, Helen, gave, head, Helen, Saint

Trier Cathedral - Germany’s oldest church cathedral, is located, Holy, Cathedral, Temple, Christ, Altar, Mother of God, foundation, Church, city, relics, Trier, middle, Queen, Helen, gave, head, Helen, Saint

Western baroque choirs, built in the 60s and 17th century
Trier Cathedral - Germany’s oldest church cathedral, is located, Holy, Cathedral, Temple, Christ, Altar, Mother of God, foundation, Church, city, relics, Trier, middle, Queen, Helen, gave, head, Helen, Saint

Trier Cathedral - Germany’s oldest church cathedral, is located, Holy, Cathedral, Temple, Christ, Altar, Mother of God, foundation, Church, city, relics, Trier, middle, Queen, Helen, gave, head, Helen, Saint

Tombstone of Archbishop Von Luxembourg
Trier Cathedral - Germany’s oldest church cathedral, is located, Holy, Cathedral, Temple, Christ, Altar, Mother of God, foundation, Church, city, relics, Trier, middle, Queen, Helen, gave, head, Helen, Saint

All-Seeing Eye and Saint Nicholas, written in Greek - unusually very
Trier Cathedral - Germany’s oldest church cathedral, is located, Holy, Cathedral, Temple, Christ, Altar, Mother of God, foundation, Church, city, relics, Trier, middle, Queen, Helen, gave, head, Helen, Saint

Without modern restoration has not done
Trier Cathedral - Germany’s oldest church cathedral, is located, Holy, Cathedral, Temple, Christ, Altar, Mother of God, foundation, Church, city, relics, Trier, middle, Queen, Helen, gave, head, Helen, Saint

Trier Cathedral - Germany’s oldest church cathedral, is located, Holy, Cathedral, Temple, Christ, Altar, Mother of God, foundation, Church, city, relics, Trier, middle, Queen, Helen, gave, head, Helen, Saint

Trier Cathedral - Germany’s oldest church cathedral, is located, Holy, Cathedral, Temple, Christ, Altar, Mother of God, foundation, Church, city, relics, Trier, middle, Queen, Helen, gave, head, Helen, Saint

On the left is the altar of John the Theologian and the tombstone of some of the archbishops of the cathedral
Trier Cathedral - Germany’s oldest church cathedral, is located, Holy, Cathedral, Temple, Christ, Altar, Mother of God, foundation, Church, city, relics, Trier, middle, Queen, Helen, gave, head, Helen, Saint

Trier Cathedral - Germany’s oldest church cathedral, is located, Holy, Cathedral, Temple, Christ, Altar, Mother of God, foundation, Church, city, relics, Trier, middle, Queen, Helen, gave, head, Helen, Saint

Burial of the Archbishop Walddorf
Trier Cathedral - Germany’s oldest church cathedral, is located, Holy, Cathedral, Temple, Christ, Altar, Mother of God, foundation, Church, city, relics, Trier, middle, Queen, Helen, gave, head, Helen, Saint

Altar of the Holy Trinity, Holy Gifts
Trier Cathedral - Germany’s oldest church cathedral, is located, Holy, Cathedral, Temple, Christ, Altar, Mother of God, foundation, Church, city, relics, Trier, middle, Queen, Helen, gave, head, Helen, Saint

Trier Cathedral - Germany’s oldest church cathedral, is located, Holy, Cathedral, Temple, Christ, Altar, Mother of God, foundation, Church, city, relics, Trier, middle, Queen, Helen, gave, head, Helen, Saint

The value of the temple is great not only from a religious and historical point of view, but also as a repository of great Christian relics. In the altar part is the chiton of Christ, it can be freely seen. Heaton of the church gave the Queen Helen, all this time, Christ's robe was kept in this part of the cathedral. However, the access of believers to relics for all the past 17 centuries was carried out only 16 times, the last time more than 20 years ago, in 1996. This is due to the condition of the fabric. True, in the very chapel you can enter every year in the Days of the Holy tunic.
Trier Cathedral - Germany’s oldest church cathedral, is located, Holy, Cathedral, Temple, Christ, Altar, Mother of God, foundation, Church, city, relics, Trier, middle, Queen, Helen, gave, head, Helen, Saint

The entrance to the crypt and the altar
Trier Cathedral - Germany’s oldest church cathedral, is located, Holy, Cathedral, Temple, Christ, Altar, Mother of God, foundation, Church, city, relics, Trier, middle, Queen, Helen, gave, head, Helen, Saint

Trier Cathedral - Germany’s oldest church cathedral, is located, Holy, Cathedral, Temple, Christ, Altar, Mother of God, foundation, Church, city, relics, Trier, middle, Queen, Helen, gave, head, Helen, Saint

Trier Cathedral - Germany’s oldest church cathedral, is located, Holy, Cathedral, Temple, Christ, Altar, Mother of God, foundation, Church, city, relics, Trier, middle, Queen, Helen, gave, head, Helen, Saint

Trier Cathedral - Germany’s oldest church cathedral, is located, Holy, Cathedral, Temple, Christ, Altar, Mother of God, foundation, Church, city, relics, Trier, middle, Queen, Helen, gave, head, Helen, Saint

The chapel of the Holy tunic of Christ, built in the eastern choirs at the end of the XVII century
Trier Cathedral - Germany’s oldest church cathedral, is located, Holy, Cathedral, Temple, Christ, Altar, Mother of God, foundation, Church, city, relics, Trier, middle, Queen, Helen, gave, head, Helen, Saint

Christ's tunic is kept here
Trier Cathedral - Germany’s oldest church cathedral, is located, Holy, Cathedral, Temple, Christ, Altar, Mother of God, foundation, Church, city, relics, Trier, middle, Queen, Helen, gave, head, Helen, Saint

Trier Cathedral - Germany’s oldest church cathedral, is located, Holy, Cathedral, Temple, Christ, Altar, Mother of God, foundation, Church, city, relics, Trier, middle, Queen, Helen, gave, head, Helen, Saint

The crypt holds a reliquary with the head of St. Helena.
In the sacristy is part of the chains that bound the Apostle Peter, as well as relics associated with Andrew the First-Called and other saints.
Trier Cathedral - Germany’s oldest church cathedral, is located, Holy, Cathedral, Temple, Christ, Altar, Mother of God, foundation, Church, city, relics, Trier, middle, Queen, Helen, gave, head, Helen, Saint

Crypt
Trier Cathedral - Germany’s oldest church cathedral, is located, Holy, Cathedral, Temple, Christ, Altar, Mother of God, foundation, Church, city, relics, Trier, middle, Queen, Helen, gave, head, Helen, Saint

Under the statue is hidden the ark with the relics of St. Helena (the head)
Trier Cathedral - Germany’s oldest church cathedral, is located, Holy, Cathedral, Temple, Christ, Altar, Mother of God, foundation, Church, city, relics, Trier, middle, Queen, Helen, gave, head, Helen, Saint

The average crypt of St. Matern
Trier Cathedral - Germany’s oldest church cathedral, is located, Holy, Cathedral, Temple, Christ, Altar, Mother of God, foundation, Church, city, relics, Trier, middle, Queen, Helen, gave, head, Helen, Saint

Ark with the relics of St. Mattern
A small garden adjoins the main hall of the cathedral, which appeared in the middle of the 13th century.
Trier Cathedral - Germany’s oldest church cathedral, is located, Holy, Cathedral, Temple, Christ, Altar, Mother of God, foundation, Church, city, relics, Trier, middle, Queen, Helen, gave, head, Helen, Saint

Romanesque arches
Trier Cathedral - Germany’s oldest church cathedral, is located, Holy, Cathedral, Temple, Christ, Altar, Mother of God, foundation, Church, city, relics, Trier, middle, Queen, Helen, gave, head, Helen, Saint

Trier Cathedral - Germany’s oldest church cathedral, is located, Holy, Cathedral, Temple, Christ, Altar, Mother of God, foundation, Church, city, relics, Trier, middle, Queen, Helen, gave, head, Helen, Saint

Trier Cathedral - Germany’s oldest church cathedral, is located, Holy, Cathedral, Temple, Christ, Altar, Mother of God, foundation, Church, city, relics, Trier, middle, Queen, Helen, gave, head, Helen, Saint

Trier Cathedral - Germany’s oldest church cathedral, is located, Holy, Cathedral, Temple, Christ, Altar, Mother of God, foundation, Church, city, relics, Trier, middle, Queen, Helen, gave, head, Helen, Saint

Trier Cathedral - Germany’s oldest church cathedral, is located, Holy, Cathedral, Temple, Christ, Altar, Mother of God, foundation, Church, city, relics, Trier, middle, Queen, Helen, gave, head, Helen, Saint

Trier Cathedral - Germany’s oldest church cathedral, is located, Holy, Cathedral, Temple, Christ, Altar, Mother of God, foundation, Church, city, relics, Trier, middle, Queen, Helen, gave, head, Helen, Saint

Trier Cathedral - Germany’s oldest church cathedral, is located, Holy, Cathedral, Temple, Christ, Altar, Mother of God, foundation, Church, city, relics, Trier, middle, Queen, Helen, gave, head, Helen, Saint

Trier Cathedral has a very unusual architecture, as, in fact, consists of two temples - St. Peter's Cathedral and the adjacent church in honor of Our Lady. The Church of Our Lady arose in the middle of the 13th century on the site of the southern basilica (one of the four ancient churches located at the base of the cathedral)
Trier Cathedral - Germany’s oldest church cathedral, is located, Holy, Cathedral, Temple, Christ, Altar, Mother of God, foundation, Church, city, relics, Trier, middle, Queen, Helen, gave, head, Helen, Saint

Church of Our Lady
Trier Cathedral - Germany’s oldest church cathedral, is located, Holy, Cathedral, Temple, Christ, Altar, Mother of God, foundation, Church, city, relics, Trier, middle, Queen, Helen, gave, head, Helen, Saint

Trier Cathedral - Germany’s oldest church cathedral, is located, Holy, Cathedral, Temple, Christ, Altar, Mother of God, foundation, Church, city, relics, Trier, middle, Queen, Helen, gave, head, Helen, Saint

Trier Cathedral - Germany’s oldest church cathedral, is located, Holy, Cathedral, Temple, Christ, Altar, Mother of God, foundation, Church, city, relics, Trier, middle, Queen, Helen, gave, head, Helen, Saint

Trier Cathedral - Germany’s oldest church cathedral, is located, Holy, Cathedral, Temple, Christ, Altar, Mother of God, foundation, Church, city, relics, Trier, middle, Queen, Helen, gave, head, Helen, Saint

Trier Cathedral - Germany’s oldest church cathedral, is located, Holy, Cathedral, Temple, Christ, Altar, Mother of God, foundation, Church, city, relics, Trier, middle, Queen, Helen, gave, head, Helen, Saint

Altar
Trier Cathedral - Germany’s oldest church cathedral, is located, Holy, Cathedral, Temple, Christ, Altar, Mother of God, foundation, Church, city, relics, Trier, middle, Queen, Helen, gave, head, Helen, Saint

Trier Cathedral - Germany’s oldest church cathedral, is located, Holy, Cathedral, Temple, Christ, Altar, Mother of God, foundation, Church, city, relics, Trier, middle, Queen, Helen, gave, head, Helen, Saint

At the end of the hall you can see the passage to the cathedral.
Trier Cathedral - Germany’s oldest church cathedral, is located, Holy, Cathedral, Temple, Christ, Altar, Mother of God, foundation, Church, city, relics, Trier, middle, Queen, Helen, gave, head, Helen, Saint

Trier Cathedral - Germany’s oldest church cathedral, is located, Holy, Cathedral, Temple, Christ, Altar, Mother of God, foundation, Church, city, relics, Trier, middle, Queen, Helen, gave, head, Helen, Saint

In this window you can see the base of the temple
The cathedral is located in the center of Trier near the main square and is clearly visible from different parts of the city. The church is open from 10 to 17.00. The entrance is free. The Cathedral itself, according to some sources, is open from 6.30 to 17.30 (in winter) and until 18.00 (during the warmer months).
If you are in Trier, I recommend leaving the Vienna House Easy Trier, located a 10-minute walk from the cathedral and other attractions of the city.
For the help in visiting Trier, I thank the marketing manager of the tourist office in the cityPatricia Ellendt-Scheer

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