Vyborg looks like after the war.
78 years ago beganSoviet-Finnish warin the course of which the city of Vyborg and the Karelian Isthmus were moved tothe USSR, after which Soviet power settled in Vyborg. Apparently, the modern authorities of the city continue the tradition of mismanagement, still coming from the USSR - because in some places the center of Vyborg looks very depressing. Looking at the current state of some streets in the city, one might think that the war did not end 74 years ago, but literally yesterday.
In general, this is an old Soviet tradition - disregardingly refers to the historical heritage of cities. It arose in part because in the Soviet years, the city leaders appointed poorly educated people from the village, for whom the historical quarters are just old brick boxes, something like a crib for the knur, which need to be demolished and built something new, concrete -panel
So, in today's post, we will see what happened to Vyborg in the 1940s and see how it looks now.
02First, a little modern history. In January 1918, Finland declared independence from the former Russian Empire, and on July 17, 1919, republican rule was declared in the country. In independent Finland, Vyborg (the Finnish name Viipuri) maintained its position as the second most important city in the country (after the capital Helsinki), the city was one of the most important trading and transport centers of the country.
The city developed rapidly. In the 1920s – 1930s, many spontaneously expanded suburbs entered Vyborg, and in 1929, the city architect Otto-Yivari Meurman developed a city planning plan for Greater Vyborg, the basic ideas of which were implemented until the 1970s. Until now, Vyborg has been decorated with many buildings of that period, built in the style of functionalism, for example, this is the library built in 1935:
03. The peace period in the development of the city ended in 1939, when the Soviet-Finnish winter war began, which I told aboutyesterday's post. In February 1940, the Mannerheim Line was broken through and came close to the Vyborg fortified area, and in early March the Red Army began to storm the city.In the course of the assault, the city was badly damaged, this is how the neighborhoods of residential buildings in the center of Vyborg looked like:
04. Many residential and public buildings have suffered in the city. In the photo - the broken building of the Vyborg Bank; judging by the architecture - the building was erected in the interwar period:
05. As in the case of the Helsinki bombing, Soviet bombs and shells fell not only on military targets, but also just in residential buildings:
06. And to schools:
07. Entirely collapsed floor of a residential building. In the breach of the wall, you can see the ceiling stucco, the remains of a tiled stove, shelves and crooked pictures with biblical scenes.
08. Broken windows in the central streets of the city:
09. The ruins of someone's kitchen with snow-covered utensils:
10. Broken department store hall:
11. Fallen neon signs.
12. Break in the wall. This is no longer a bomb, most likely a direct hit from a tank.
13. Soviet tanks entered Vyborg on a gloomy snowy morning on March 14, 1940.
14. On the same day, the Finnish units left the city, and the Finnish population began evacuation from the ghost town.
15. Many red commanders were awarded for the capture of Vyborg, and soon a program began to populate the city with Soviet immigrants - there were a lot of people willing to come to live in the city.
Then there was the war period of 1940-44, following which Vyborg and the entire Karelian Isthmus finally passed to the USSR.
16. In the late summer of 2017, famous blogger Ilya Varlamov visited Vyborgvarlamov.ruwhich, together with the photographer Anton Vaganov, took several photographs of the city center. In Vyborg, right now you can make a movie about the war years - in the center of the city there are a lot of ruins that nobody really wants to do. Here are the neighborhoods in the city center:
17. Here are some ruins too. It is possible that they lie so from the forties after hitting an aerial bomb or some kind of projectile.
18. The ruins of a residential building on the corner of a street in the historic center. What happened to this house, why nobody does it?
19. Ruinized brick wall of the old cathedral of the XV century. The local authorities do not do anything with the cathedral, they only have enough money for a sign saying that "the cathedral was destroyed during the Second World War". It is strange that the war is not named here "The Great Patriotic War" - I think, therefore, so as not to ask unnecessary questions)
20. What happened to Vyborg? Perhaps the authorities have thus decided to preserve the memory of the war for us? Look, this break here is clearly a trace from a missile that had to be released at the Finnish firing point:
21.It seems that there, in the upper window, apparently, a Finnish “cuckoo” sniper worked, which had to be eliminated from a jet flame thrower:
22. And more recently, the building looked like this (the yellow house on the left also got it).
22. And in this house, it seems, a whole detachment of Finnish fascists, who had to be destroyed by a fragmentation bomb, was entrenched:
23. Here I do not know what happened. Think for yourself:
24. But seriously, using the example of Vyborg, one can perfectly see what corruption is. The war for Vyborg ended 74 years ago, and the city center continues to look as if it happened last week. In August 2017, Ilya Varlamov visited Vyborg, who spoke with the heads of some local administrations, but I doubt that something has changed in the city since then.
Write in the comments what you think about this.