What does the word "fool" really mean?

12-12-2017, 08:00
Quite often you can hear the expression: "women fools." And who of us at least once did not call this word? It is interesting when this “tradition” arose and why is it not customary to call men a fool?

Where did the word "fool" come from?
It is believed that the "fool" - is the female version of the word "fool". A fool in dictionaries is a stupid woman, and a fool is a stupid man. Meanwhile, even philologists are not sure that these words are one-root. The fact is that the word "idiot" was common in Russia before it was used in a certain sense: this was the name of the weighty pig, which, for example, could be swayed by shaking the gate. In common parlance, any large, bulky object could be so called. By the way, he could be called "woman". Thus, it turned out that the expression “woman fool” seems to have no relation to women. The word "fool" did not mean a fool before.
Historian N. Kostomarov, for example, argued that the fool was called a fool, which her husband raised a careless wife.Already closer to the topic! And according to V. Dahl, a fool is a distorted "friend." So called the last child in the family. The first was called pervak, the second - vtork, the third - the third, the fourth - the quarter. And the youngest was a friend (the other) - the last one, who had not yet gained his mind and life experience ...
Thus was born the hero of Russian folk tales Ivan the Fool. However, there were still independent adjectives "bad" and "bad", used in two meanings: "stupid" and "ugly" (bad face). They probably originated from the Indo-European root "fools", which in some languages ​​means "wild." If a person was called "bad", then he was compared with a wild animal. From here, probably, went and "nonsense" in the sense of "nonsense." By the way, in Sanskrit "fool" meant: "a man who has departed from God."
In Turkish, there is the word "fool", consisting of two roots: "dur (stop)" and "ak (place)". Translated into Russian, this is "stop" or "brake". Finally, in Latin, "fool" is called the non-developing part of the brain.It fits ...
And dura in Latin means “stern”, “bold”.There is a legend that the ancient Romans called their contemporaries Amazons Dura-femina.What meant something like the following: "Recklessly brave woman." When did “fools” and “fools” appear in the modern meaning of these words? Finally, the noun "fool" became a household word in the second half of the XVII century. According to one version, so began to be called jesters. And the crackers, respectively, "fools."
According to another, the term was introduced by Protopop Avvakum, who called so admirers of "demonic wisdom": rhetoric, philosophers, logicians, etc. And he borrowed it, ostensibly from the junkt culture: this was the name of one of the buffoons. At the same time, the fools were initially called the same “fool”, without regard to gender: “Well, you are my friend, and fool”, “Big figure, yes fool”. There is a hypothesis that it is from the "fools" that such concepts as "freak" and "holy fool" originated.
Why are women so often called fools?
But why, as a result, only women were called fools? Moreover, much more often than men - fools? The fact is that with the arrival of Christianity in Russia, the idea began to be instilled that a woman is a secondary creature that is in the power of a man: first father, then husband.
The main responsibility of women was recognized to raise children, take care of home and household.Their rights were limited, and they also did not have voting rights in the family, at least officially. All decisions were made by men. The father had the right to punish the daughter, the husband - the wife, including bodily. A woman could be forcibly, without her desire, exiled, for example, to a monastery. Over time, the rights of women, of course, expanded, but the legacy of Domostroi, who clearly indicated to women, their place, was too firmly rooted in Russian consciousness.

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