Who sold Alaska to America?
From this article you will find out who sold AlaskaAmerica, under what conditions and when it happened. Such an interesting event for many years overgrown with myths and conjectures. Let's try to figure out what's what.
The sale of Alaska by the Russian Empire wasproduced in 1867. The sale amounted to just over seven million US dollars. Alaska was sold into the possession of the North American United States. The area sold sold a little more than 1,500,000 square kilometers.
The reason why Alaska was sold
Naturally, such a sale has its purposeand the cause. The thing is that in the early nineteenth century Alaska brought significant revenues through the trade in furs. Nevertheless, by the middle of the same century, it turned out that the costs in the future would be much greater than the potential profit. The expenses represented a banal content and protection of this territory, which, moreover, was very remote.
The very first time, with the initiative of selling AlaskaN. Muravyov-Amursky, in 1853. This man was the Governor-General of Eastern Siberia. In his opinion, such a deal was inevitable. Four years later, Grand Duke Constantine Nikolayevich, who was the brother of Alexander the second, initiated the sale of Alaska. Formally, the proposal came from Eduard Stoeckl, a famous Russian diplomat.
Negotiations on the sale took place at the time,When this territory was claimed by the United Kingdom. Here is another reason why the Russian Empire was profitable to get rid of Alaska.
The question of selling Alaska several timeswas postponed. At first, the expiry of the term of the privileges of the Russian-American Company (RAC) was waited, then the end of the civil war in the USA. Nevertheless, on March 18, 1867, the President of the United States of America Johnson, signed special powers to William Seward. Literally immediately after that, negotiations took place, during which the agreement was agreed on the purchase of Alaska from the Russian Empire for $ 7 million.
Direct sale and transfer of Alaska
The signing of the contract itself took place in1867 on March 30, in the city of Washington. The contract of sale was signed in the so-called diplomatic languages - French and English. Interestingly, in Russian the official text of the treaty simply does not exist. Under the terms of the treaty, the whole of the Alaska Peninsula crossed the United States, as well as a coastal strip 10 miles south of Alaska.
The Senate of the United States of America, although it doubted the expediency of such a purchase, nevertheless, the majority of the members of the deal was supported.
October 18, 1967 Alaska was already officiallytransferred to America. From the Russian side, the protocol on the transfer of the territory was signed by A. A. Peshchurov. This man was a special government commissar, captain of the second rank. Interestingly, right on the same day, the Gregorian calendar was introduced. Thanks to this, Alaska residents woke up on October 18th, although they went to their bed on October 5th.
So who exactly sold Alaska?
Alaska was sold by Alexander II. That's who sold Alaska to America. The treaty was signed by Eduard Stoeckl. By the way, as a token of gratitude, Alexander II granted the Russian diplomat - Steklu the Order of the White Eagle, as well as a reward of twenty-five thousand rubles a one-time fee and a pension of six thousand rubles each year.
There are a number of popular myths about the sale of Alaska, which do not correspond to reality:
- "Catherine II sold to Alaska." This could not be because the contract was signed in 1867, and Catherine II died in 1796;
- "Alaska was leased, not sold." Myth of pure water. How in any way, but there are documents confirming the opposite;
- "In Alaska, after some time, it was discovereda gold mine in the Klondike. Thanks to this gold, all expenses to the Americans have been repeatedly reimbursed. " This can not even be commented, since the Klondike is in Canada.