Who worked the citizens of the USSR in the occupied territories

Who worked the citizens of the USSR in the occupied territories

During the war, 73 million Soviet citizens fell into occupation. In the occupied territories, agricultural production has decreased by half compared to the pre-war level.

But this food was enough only to feed the German army. The industry worked only at 10%. Particularly affected were residents of large cities who did not have gardens and farms. All survived as best they could.

Forced labor

In the territories occupied by the fascists organized labor exchanges ("Arbeitsamt"). Soviet citizens often went there not at will, but under the threat of execution or starvation. Of course, not all Soviet citizens were eager to work for the occupiers. However, they had no choice. All able-bodied people were forced to work. The inhabitants of the occupied territories were forced by the fascists to do the hardest work.This includes the construction of bridges and crossings, and the clearing and repair of roads, and logging, and peat processing. People worked seven days a week from six in the morning until late at night. For the shift received only 200 grams of bread. Those who worked slowly were shot in front of everyone else.

Trading in the market

In the occupied territories, most of the surviving stores served only Germans, so everyone else visited the markets. Often it was the only way to feed yourself and your family members. In the difficult years of the occupation, the quality of market goods left much to be desired, and the prices were much higher than before the war. But most often, people did not buy goods, but simply exchanged them. Gold watches sometimes gave for a loaf of bread.

The townspeople bought or exchanged goods in the surrounding villages, and then sold them in the urban markets. Yes, and the villagers were drawn for revenue in the city. Often, such commerce saved lives for both sellers and buyers. However, such trade, of course, did not suit the occupiers. Patrols were taken on the roads, which took away the “superfluous” from the merchants; raids were carried out in the bazaars with confiscation of goods and arrests.

Work at the fascists

In a slightly more advantageous position were those who stationed soldiers of the enemy army. Although the Nazis often did not ask permission. The hosts washed the "guests", sewed, cooked, served. For these services, they sometimes received money and some products.

The fascists tried to attract teachers to work in the renewed schools, which have now become the main source of enemy propaganda. Of course, mostly workers were lured by material incentives: high salaries in stamps, bread rations, as well as land.

And there were those who contributed to the Nazis. Of these, the district police were formed. The policemen were mainly representatives of the local population, “offended” by the Soviet authorities. However, it also happened that random people were going to the police because of hopelessness and free rations.

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