Why Georgians were red

Why Georgians were red

There are few red people on Earth, only about 2% of the world's population.

Many observers really claim that there are bright and red people among Georgians, and that in Georgia there is a myth that before all the local population was all tall, blue-eyed blond.

But is he true?

Myth spawned rumor?

Red hair is rarely found in black-haired people. This is the reason why: the fact is that the mutation of the MC1R gene, which is responsible for the fiery color of hair, should be in both parents. Only then will they have a red-haired child.

This gene is recessive, that is, both parents can be burning brunettes and have clear signs of Georgian nationality. Imagine the surprise of your relatives when a child is born with red hair. This is not only remembered, but it also diverges in villages and villages. And if paternity is indisputable, then the justification is one thing - the whole thing is in the ancestors. They were red, tall, and blue-eyed.

Invasion from the north

On the other hand, it is impossible to deny that in the Caucasus there are indeed people of local nationalities: Georgians, mountain Jews, Armenians and highlanders - owners of bright eyes and fair hair, including red ones.

Anthropologist Ivan Pentyukhov, who conducted research at the beginning of the last century, reported that indeed, in the western part of the Caucasus and on the Black Sea coast, there is a type of Caucasians with a pronounced European appearance: bright eyes, blond hair and round faces.

He connected the appearance of such an atypical appearance with an alien population, which, possibly fleeing from famine or war, came to the Caucasus from the north. In remote areas, such a population could persist for centuries, adopting a culture from local peoples, but not mixing with it.

In favor of this version, you can point to the mysterious, few people in Georgia - Svans, who live high in the mountains of Georgia close to the Black Sea coast and often have blue eyes and blond hair.

Why Georgians were red

Norman trail

There is a version that it could be the descendants of the ancient Vikings, who, even before going north to Scandinavia, lived in the Azov Sea.As far back as 1899, Normanist Wilhelm Thomsen noticed the etymological connection of North Caucasian languages ​​with Swedish and Danish.

Finally, there is an assumption that the features of the northern peoples were brought with them by the Russians, and literally two hundred years ago the population of the Caucasus was more homogeneous.

Slavic slaves

Another version that can explain the presence of blond hair and blue eyes in Caucasians is the slave trade. Quite often, the warlike peoples of the North Caucasus raided their northern neighbors and sniffed captives: men and women. Men were sold to the Ottomans, and slaves were often left as concubines.

True, this does not clarify anything about Georgians, because they came to Christianity quite early, in the 4th century, and did not trade slaves.

Why Georgians were red

Closed communities

Georgian Jews live in Georgia. They came here after the capture of Nebuchadnezzar, who took them to Persia. It is known that this people do not often marry outsiders, but for the most part live in closed communities in which recessive genes appear faster.

And if in such a closed society there is a gene of red hair, then in the end it will manifest itself in the majority of its members.It is known that in Georgia, red-haired Jews are more common than in other places. It is possible that the manifestation of recessive redhead genes occurs in the isolated communities of Georgians living in the mountains. In this case, anthropologically, they may not differ from their relatives.

Mysterious Albanians

The state of Caucasian Albania, which according to the authors of antiquity, was inhabited by tall, fair-haired and light-eyed people, emerged on the territory of Azerbaijan in the 2nd century AD and disintegrated under the blows of the Arab conquerors in the 10th century.

Albanians lived between Iberia (Georgia) and the Caspian Sea and influenced the formation of the Armenian, Georgian, Azerbaijani and some other peoples of the Caucasus. Since Albania was on the verge of Iberia, Georgians could mix with Albanians, adopting their blond hair and eyes. Later, the people simply disappeared into a dark-haired local population, but from time to time children appear - carriers of ancient genes.

According to Professor Rolan Topchishvili, the most likely successors of Albanians are the Udine people, among whom there are many fair-haired people.

Why Georgians were red

Sarmatians

And finally, there is an assumption that the blonde hair of Caucasians,including Georgians, may be associated with an unknown people, whose tombs are found in the burial grounds of the steppe regions of Dagestan and in Chechnya. This anthropological type is still found in the Caucasus, and the nearest related peoples are Sarmatians.

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