Why the child is sick: causes and methods of treatment
As soon as your baby is sick, you, of course, cannot find a place for yourself. Especially if the child is sick. How dangerous is it? How can this be caused? And what to do in this case?
Is the child sick? Why?
So, more. In infancy, it happens that the child is sick. The baby can be pulled out due to the fact that when feeding he took too much air. In older children, such cases are also depending on other stimuli.
Is your child sick? The correct diagnosis is important. What can cause nausea and vomiting? Such a malaise can be triggered by gastrointestinal diseases, infections, intoxication, acute metabolic disorders, etc.
This may be one of the main reasons if your child is sick. Vomiting may be a precursor of enteritis or gastroenteritis. Nutritional errors, furred tongue, active intestinal noise that is being listened to - all this only increases the suspicion.Acute abdominal pains also join these precursors.
If your child is sick and vomiting, it may mean that there is an infection in the body. Monitor the temperature and the overall blood picture. Vomiting may also be one of the first symptoms of appendicitis. Do not forget to constantly carefully examine the abdomen.
What else could cause your child to feel sick and vomiting? Intoxication. And this is not only the inattention of others to children in connection with poisoning with large doses of medicines. Even taking the usual doses of sulfonamides, antibiotics, salicylates, anticonvulsants, and other drugs can cause vomiting in a baby.
It happens that between three and five years of age a child becomes sick in the mornings up to eighty times a day at various intervals. Before this, there is irritability, lack of appetite, headache and negative behavior. Vomiting occurs even in response to fluid intake. In addition, the child may experience colicky abdominal pain. Any symptoms of infection are completely absent. However, in the urine there is a high acetonuria.And from the mouth - the smell of acetone.
Hepatogenic and renal vomiting
Is the child sick and diarrhea? This may indicate anicteric hepatitis. At the same time, encephalitic and meningeal symptoms may occur. Even lymphocytic pleocytosis.
Renal vomiting occurs when an unrecognized or acute renal failure. Before the onset of vomiting, this disease can be detected by uremia. Minor changes in urine are a bright indicator.
In order to eliminate the appearance of vomiting caused by diabetic metabolic disorders, it is necessary to monitor the level of sugar in urine and blood. In short, watch the baby’s health.
If the child is often nauseous, this can mean acute heart failure. Especially in babies. Accompanied by cardinal vomiting, refusal of food, pallor, anxiety. In this case, it is imperative to check whether the size of the liver is changed. Do not forget also about the possibility of developing paroxysmal tachycardia in babies with seemingly healthy hearts. In acute myocarditis, the liver is always enlarged, thickened and sore. Anyway, it makes diagnosis easier.Heart failure is fraught with wheezing in the lungs.
Abdominal, psychogenic and bloody vomiting
In the case when the child is sick after eating all the time, and the pain in the abdomen is associated with vomiting, you should contact a specialist. You may have to exclude abdominal causes of the disorder.
Psychogenic vomiting is triggered by fear or agitation in organically healthy, but psychologically labile babies. In addition, in such children, vomiting may also be demonstrative. Thus, the crumbs are trying to draw attention to themselves. There are also times when vomiting occurs when you talk about it. Forced feeding or aversion to certain products (self-hypnosis) can lead to such consequences.
Bloody vomiting speaks of the source of the bleeding (nasal). In this case, a considerable amount of blood is swallowed. There is a tendency to bleed at the time of prodrome at ordinary and swine flu, whooping cough, measles, as well as infection of the upper respiratory tract. Investigating the bleeding of the posterior wall, it is also necessary to carry out the posterior rhinoscopy. By the way, bloody vomiting can be a sign of a stomach ulcer.Therefore, it is worth checking out the lower part of the esophagus and the cardinal region of the stomach.
Abundant bloody vomiting immediately after breakfast or in the middle of the night (often with dark red clots) indicates varicose veins of the esophagus. In this case, you should pay attention to the baby's spleen. Increased is a sign of portal hypertension. Suspicion is enhanced by anamnestic information about chronic liver diseases or exchange transfusions immediately after birth.
Is the child sick, and the temperature has risen quite high? This may indicate acute meningitis. But in the case of the development of serous meningitis, there is also dizziness, headache, hidden visual impairment. These symptoms develop very slowly. And this, of course, significantly complicates the diagnosis. Tuberculous meningitis is manifested primarily by unexplained vomiting, headache, and mild symptoms of cranial nerve damage.
Acute unexpected vomiting is the initial manifestation of a massive brain disease. As a rule, it happens at night.Typical symptoms of damage develop only after the onset of nausea. Most often this indicates the localization process in the posterior cranial fossa. Do not forget also that adhesive arachnoiditis may also develop in this case.
What else can lead to the fact that the child has a stomach ache and sick? One of the reasons is diencenephalic epilepsy. It is also supplemented with paroxysmal tachycardia, headache, fainting. Confirmation can only be true, only after EEG studies.
Severe nausea can also occur as the equivalent of a migraine in the context of head vasomotor pain. Periodic seizures are typical for this disease, mainly in the fair sex during the prepubertal period. Vomiting and nausea sometimes appear after dizziness, a violation of sensitivity, aphasia and focal clonic convulsions.
Sunstroke can lead to signs of increased intracranial pressure (meningism, increased pressure of the cerebrospinal fluid with an increase in protein content, sometimes even red blood cells). In addition, drowsiness, nausea, vomiting, impaired consciousness are also observed. Sometimes even coma and other symptoms of cerebral disorders.
Sunstroke is differentiated with heatstroke, which occurs when there is insufficient heat transfer, especially with unsuitable clothing and high humidity.
Sometimes a child feels sick without fever, but there are paroxysmal abdominal pains, as well as migraines and umbilical colic. This may indicate abdominal epilepsy. Sometimes it is accompanied by diarrhea and vegetative symptoms, limb or abdominal muscle clonuses.
Bruns syndrome - the occurrence of headache and vomiting with a change in the position of the head in space, dizziness, imbalance. These symptoms are caused by organic changes in the region of the third, fourth or lateral ventricles of the brain and in the cerebellum.
Syndrome posterior cranial fossa is accompanied by bouts of vomiting with stiff neck. In addition, there are headaches associated with a periodic increase in intracranial pressure.
Reichmann syndrome is in the onset of vomiting of bright gastric juice with its hypersecretion. In the evening and at night, the child has pain in the stomach.Often Reichmann syndrome is combined with a gastric ulcer or gastritis. Sometimes there are transitions to hyponatremia vomiting.
What to do?
So, you found out why the child is sick. How to proceed? If vomiting is one-time in nature, you may not have to do anything. For children, this phenomenon can be quite normal. Well, if vomiting is repeated periodically (and even more diarrhea appears and the temperature rises), the child should be urgently shown to a specialist doctor. Depending on the child's well-being, you need to get to the medical child care facility on your own or call the district pediatrician to the house.
In the case when vomiting is repeated more than twice within two hours, be sure to call the ambulance emergency team. And most importantly, do not try to panic. In such a situation, you must remain calm. After examining a child by a doctor, as a rule, an additional examination is also appointed. If you are advised to hospitalize the baby, do not refuse it in any case. The fact is that certain diseases are treated exclusively in stationary conditions.
And finally. Self-treatment for vomiting does not exist. Therapy is concluded in the treatment of the underlying disease. Vomiting is just a symptom of it. How can a child help?
In case of poisoning, special therapy will be needed after washing the stomach with a solution of potassium permanganate. In infectious diseases - the main treatment. With defects of the digestive system - operation. With functional vomiting - psychotherapeutic treatment.
In principle, it is impractical to list the treatment methods in more detail. Consultation specialist - the first thing you need in this case. Do not self-medicate. It happens that such moments end tragically. Although in light cases it is possible to apply folk recipes, but only by coordinating them with the doctor.
In general, nausea in a child is manifested in most cases painlessly, but unpleasant. The kid, as a rule, refuses to eat, shows anxiety. Skin may fade. And the legs and arms are cooled. Not always the parents even notice what makes the baby sick. You must be extremely attentive. After all, nausea sometimes indicates a very serious illness.
There are several rules that must be followed when nausea occurs in a child. First, it is necessary to lay it on its side so that it does not choke on vomit. Secondly, it is important to assess the entire danger of the situation. And only a specialist can do it right. It is he who decides on the treatment of the baby or his hospitalization. Only in the case when the vomiting in a child is single, and the general condition is quite satisfactory, can you wait with the call of a doctor. If you still have called the doctor, start drinking your baby to avoid dehydration. It is necessary to water the baby often, but only slightly, so as not to provoke repeated manifestations of vomiting.
If you do not have the opportunity to purchase glucose-salt solutions at a pharmacy (to compensate for the loss of salt and water during dehydration), you can make such a solution at home. To do this, a liter of water dissolves a teaspoon of table salt, half a teaspoon of baking soda, and eight teaspoons of sugar. Instead of water, you can also use rice broth, broth hips, weakly brewed tea.
In general, be careful. Children's body is very vulnerable.And if the baby is sick - pay attention to it! Perhaps the kid needs the help of a qualified professional!